LAHORE - The rise in the number of women and child smokers is alarming, reports Capital Calling, a network of academic researchers and professionals.
It endorsed the increase in taxes on cigarettes and deplored the lobbying being made by multinational companies to reduce taxes.
The network reports that about seven percent of women smoke, causing a health burden of over Rs615 billion annually to the national exchequer.
The government jacked up Federal Excise Duty (FED) on cigarettes in February to discourage the sale of cigarettes, to smokers, and boost its revenue which anti-tobacco activists and the civil society appreciated, urging the government to further increase it.
The Capital Calling reports that studies have shown that the highest proportion of female smokers in Pakistan resides in rural areas (10%) and are less educated (12%).
It reports that It reports that the highest proportion of female smokers in Pakistan resides in rural areas (10%) and are less educated (12%).
19.5 percent of women smokers age from 25 to 29 years. Sindh has 34% of women smokers. 58.5 percent of women smokers live in rural areas and 71.7 percent are illiterate. 33.1 percent are very poor and 78.6 percent are unemployed. 94.5 percent of women smokers are married or divorced. 52.7 percent of women smokers have gone through domestic violence at a stage.
Likewise, more than 1200 children start smoking in Pakistan every day and there are at least 20 million under-aged or minor smokers in the country, where the legal age of smoking is 18 years.
Smoking exposes women and children to numerous health risks, including lung cancer, cardiovascular diseases, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and respiratory infections. These conditions significantly diminish the quality of life and can lead to premature death.
A recent study titled, “Higher tobacco tax helps bring down the sale of cigarettes in Pakistan,” says the government is expecting to collect around 200 billion rupees in taxes from the tobacco industry this year after the tax hike. In the last fiscal year, the tax collection from the tobacco industry was recorded at 148 billion rupees.
Out of 31 million adult tobacco users in Pakistan, one in every ninety-four smokers is forced to quit smoking due to an increase in cigarette prices with higher tax and spend the savings to fulfil other needs like food, education and paying utilities, reveals research study released on Sunday.
It claimed to quote the ground surveys in Islamabad, Rawalpindi, Lahore and Peshawar that smokers were forced to quit smoking after a significant rise in FED ranging from 146 percent to 154 percent in February this year.
More than 31 million Pakistani adults (15+) or about 19.7 percent of the total adults use some form of tobacco which is one of the highest in the world.
Meanwhile, multinational tobacco companies in Pakistan are trying to mislead the government that there is a causal relationship between the rise in taxes and the illicit trade of cigarettes. Numerous research studies have proven that share of illicit cigarettes was not more than 18 percent and that too included smuggling from Afghanistan and Iran.
The Capital Calling states that the possibility of illicit trade has died down after implementation of track and trace system.
KARACHI - Following are the foreign currency exchange rates for US Dollar, Saudi Riyal, UK Pound Sterling, U.A.E. Dirham, European Euro, and other foreign currencies in Pakistan open market on June 03, 2023 (Saturday).
Source: Forex Association of Pakistan. (last update 09:00 AM)
|UK Pound Sterling||GBP||375.5||380|
|Hong Kong Dollar||HKD||36.39||36.74|
|New Zealand Dollar||NZD||173.16||175.16|
KARACHI – The price of a single tola of 24-karat gold in Pakistan is Rs 232,500 on Saturday. The price of 10 grams of 24k gold was recorded at Rs197,190.
Likewise, 10 grams of 22k gold were being traded for Rs180,756 while a single tola of 22-karat gold was being sold at Rs 210,832.
Note: The gold rate in Pakistan is fluctuating according to the international market so the price is never been fixed. The below rates are provided by local gold markets and Sarafa Markets of different cities.
|Lahore||PKR 232,500||PKR 2125|
|Karachi||PKR 232,500||PKR 2125|
|Islamabad||PKR 232,500||PKR 2125|
|Peshawar||PKR 232,500||PKR 2125|
|Quetta||PKR 232,500||PKR 2125|
|Sialkot||PKR 232,500||PKR 2125|
|Attock||PKR 232,500||PKR 2125|
|Gujranwala||PKR 232,500||PKR 2125|
|Jehlum||PKR 232,500||PKR 2125|
|Multan||PKR 232,500||PKR 2125|
|Bahawalpur||PKR 232,500||PKR 2125|
|Gujrat||PKR 232,500||PKR 2125|
|Nawabshah||PKR 232,500||PKR 2125|
|Chakwal||PKR 232,500||PKR 2125|
|Hyderabad||PKR 232,500||PKR 2125|
|Nowshehra||PKR 232,500||PKR 2125|
|Sargodha||PKR 232,500||PKR 2125|
|Faisalabad||PKR 232,500||PKR 2125|
|Mirpur||PKR 232,500||PKR 2125|
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