SCO moot discusses challenges, opportunities being faced by member states
In his address at SCO Seminar on “Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) Challenges and Opportunities” organized by the Center for Global & Strategic Studies (CGSS) in Islamabad, Yao Jing shed lights on “Strategic Role of China in Strengthening the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)”.
The ambassador asked the SCO Member States to work on five points of China’s perspective including political mutual trust, political and judiciary relationship, ownership of peace, development belong to regional Countries and regional leadership.
Yao Jing said China advised to develop the five-year strategy to deal relationship and challenges in the region.
The Chinese envoy said his country also welcomed the Non-Member States to bring suggestions for the economic uplifting of the region. The envoy suggested that the SCO Development Bank should be established, adding China was also working for the SCO University. He said China wanted Students Exchange Program among the SCO Member States.
Emphasizing the importance of peace in the region, Yao Jing said the SCO Member States were very proactive and trying to bring peace in Afghanistan. He said there was a need for the institutional framework for bringing peace in the region.
“19 more new terrorist organisations have emerged in Afghanistan since the US came there to fight Al-Qaeda and Taliban,” said Dr Vladimir Kozin, the leading expert at Center for Military-Political Studies in Moscow State of Institute of International Relations, Russian Foreign Ministry at the seminar.
He was of the view that regional stakeholders must be conscious of new US nuclear doctrine and use of high technological nuclear-motivated weapons and there could be used in Afghanistan. Responding a question he stated that controlled and limited use of nuclear weapons by the United States in Afghanistan could not totally be ruled out.
Vladimir Kozin who had been in Kabul Embassy in 1972 and had been a part of Soviet as well as Russian Diplomatic Corps in the region till 2012, spoke on “Role of Russia in Shanghai Cooperation Organization: Challenges and Opportunities,” and said that Russia and China are being tagged as threat by the United States while both are major members of SCO.
The Russian expert said as Pakistan is being made the scapegoat for US failure in Afghanistan, Iran is also tagged as a state sponsor of terrorism by the United States.
Vladimir Kozin said that the United States has failed to bring peace in Afghanistan rather it has brought more instability and terrorism in the war-stricken Country.
While speaking on the topic titled “The Vision of Tajikistan for Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)”, the Deputy Director of the Center for Strategic Studies under the President of Tajikistan Moominova Farida Mahmoodovna highlighted the challenges being faced by the regional Countries, and said that intensification of cooperation was key to resolve regional issues.
Moominova said since security was among the primary concerns for all the regional Countries, consolidated efforts were need of the hour to counteract terrorism and extremism.
The Tajik official also urged the timely execution of international transport communications and energy projects fully supported by the peaceful environment.
Moominova Farida Mahmoodovna emphasized on at least four themes with regard to economic cooperation among all SCO Members – and which included food security; water and energy issues; development of transport communications and transit potential; and production cooperation.
In his address at the seminar, the Deputy General Secretary at One Belt One Road Center in Chinese Academy of Social Society Xu Wenhong spoke on “China’s Strategic Interest Viz-a-Ziz Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)”.
Xu Wenhong said there were different ways to solve Afghanistan problem, and stated China as one of the stakeholders believed that the Afghan war could only be solved with the support of regional stakeholders and regional partners. “China wants only friends in the world not enemies,” he said.
Earlier in his opening remarks, the Chairman CGSS, Lt. General (retd) Muhammad Zahir-ul-Islam said the SCO had a great past and future, and its role had been of great significance to ensure peace in the entire region.
Zahir-ul-Islam said Pakistan had exceptional geostrategic positioning. He said Pakistan had the historic relationship with several SCO Member Countries.
The former Foreign Secretary of Pakistan Jalil Abbas Jilani, the former High Commissioner of Pakistan to India and President Islamabad Policy Research Institute Abdul Basit, and the Advisor at National University of Science and Technology (NUST), Islamabad Amer Hashmi also addressed the seminar.
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