India’s BJP changes Muslim name of historic city from Allahabad to Prayagraj

  • The city's name change comes amid concern over what critics say is a bid by Prime Minister Narendra Modi's Hindu nationalist party to erase the country's diverse history and identity

ALLAHABAD – Authorities in India’s most populous state have changed the Muslim name of a historic city to one with Hindu overtones, local media reported.

Allahabad, a city of more than one million people in northern Uttar Pradesh (UP) state, will now be known as Prayagraj, a senior official told reporters on Tuesday.

Siddarth Nath Singh, UP health minister, said the decision to rename the city was made at a cabinet meeting following a proposal by Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath, who heads the state.

“All the cabinet members were happy and from today onwards, Allahabad’s name would change as Prayagraj,” he was quoted as saying by the Indian Express newspaper.

The city, home to India’s first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and located 650km southeast of the Indian capital Delhi, was named Allahabad by Muslim Mughal rulers in the 16th century.

Its new name, Prayagraj, refers to the confluence of the Ganges and Yamuna rivers, the site of the Hindu mega festival Kumbh Mela, which is to take place in January.

More than 100 million people attended the gathering when it was last held in 2013.

The city’s name change comes amid concern over what critics say is a bid by Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s Hindu nationalist party to erase the country’s diverse history and identity.

Since Adityanath – a priest who has been accused of inciting violence against India’s Muslim minority – was appointed to lead UP, he has proposed changing Mughal era names in the state.

Last year, he renamed the Mughalsarai Junction Railway Station after Hindu ideologue Denn Dayal Upadhyaya, and proposed to change the names of airports in Bareilly, Kanpur and Agra to ones with Hindu associations.

Muslims make up 19 percent of the state’s 220 million population.

Modi’s Bharatiya Janata Party won control of the country’s most populous state in March last year, earning the biggest majority there for any party since 1977.

India’s 1.3 billion people are about 80 percent Hindu and 14 percent Muslim, with the rest made up of Christians, Sikhs and other minorities.

It is officially a secular nation, but the BJP has for years fought elections on a Hindu nationalist agenda, with party members in the past being accused of making anti-Muslim statements to polarise Hindu voters.