Punjab should declare health emergency over toxic smog: LHC

Dawood Rehman 05:21 PM | 14 Nov, 2017
Punjab should declare health emergency over toxic smog: LHC
LAHORE - The Lahore High Court has ordered the provincial government to submit a comprehensive smog policy by Tuesday evening.

During Monday’s hearing on multiple petitions seeking directives for the provincial government to take effective measures to control smog and environmental pollution, the court summoned Punjab Environment Secretary Saif Anjum to share the plan of action for controlling smog along with the record of latest ratings of the Air Quality Index (AQI) in the provincial capital.

Chief Justice Syed Mansoor Ali Shah, while hearing the petitions moved by Sheraz Zaka advocate, Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf’s Lahore President Barrister Walid Iqbal and others, expressed concerns over the Punjab government’s negligence in taking the required steps to tackle the environmental hazard.

The lawyer-petitioner submitted that smog is causing serious health problems for the public. “People do not have pure water to drink and now healthy air to breath,” Mr Zaka said, adding that the smog has also been affecting animals. He requested the court to order the Punjab government for taking effective measures to control pollution and enforce the smog policy in order to protect environment, besides halting development work on China-funded Orange Line Metro Train project.

The judge expressed serious concern over the Punjab government’s failure in coping with the situation which, according to Mr Shah, has gone out of proportion and causing a serious threat to people's health.

CJ Shah also asked why the Environment Protection Department could not produce data regarding smog level for the past week. He observed that in the past few years, due to urban development, hundreds of trees were cut in Lahore, which contributed to the high pollution levels.

He went on to say that health emergency should have been declared in Punjab but the environment department showed zero progress and turned a deaf ear to the glaring situation.

Barrister Sara Bilal, who was appointed as amicus curie, told the court that health emergency should be enforced due to smog in Punjab. Such a department should be closed, she suggested.

Earlier on Monday, the environment department presented before the court the notified copy of the smog policy.

The counsel for the government agency said that the law secretary had notified the smog policy in the official gazette. He said that six air monitoring stations had been made functional to determine how much India was contributing to smog spillover effects in Punjab.

However, he admitted, that at present there was no scientific data available to determine air pollution levels.

“The Punjab government’s performance is just limited to the official documents,” CJ Shah remarked. “It is simply awful that the environment department has not been able to measure the level of smog in the air.”

Plains of the country have been blanketed by dense smog – a combination of fog and toxic pollutants – for past few weeks. The environment situation saw a slight improvement after light drizzle; however experts suggest the smog has already crossed the danger levels.

In Lahore alone, hundreds of people have been admitted to major hospitals with respiratory problems.

The spell of showers began from Balochistan, reached Punjab and lashed Chicha Watni, Okara, Vehari, Layyah, Multan, Jhang, Rahim Yar Khan and DG Khan turning the weather frosty on Tuesday morning.

According to Met Office, rain-thunderstorm with snowfall over the hills is expected at scattered places in North-East Balochistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, FATA, Islamabad, Rawalpindi, Lahore, Gujranwala, Faisalabad, Sargodha divisions, Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan.

In order to pressure the government to take the smog issue seriously, a small group of students also stage a protest outside the Lahore Press Club on Monday. They chanted slogans against the government’s failure to address the environmental woes affecting the province. The protesters demanded that government declare a health emergency and take steps to implement strict environmental policies.

Dawood Rehman
Dawood Rehman

The writer is a member of the staff.


KARACHI - Following are the foreign currency exchange rates for US Dollar, Saudi Riyal, UK Pound Sterling, U.A.E. Dirham, European Euro, and other foreign currencies in Pakistan open market on February 5, 2023 (Sunday).

Source: Forex Association of Pakistan. (last update 09:00 AM)

Currency Symbol Buying Selling
US Dollar ‎USD 280.9 284.25
Euro EUR 299 302
UK Pound Sterling GBP 335 338
U.A.E Dirham AED 75.14 75.44
Saudi Riyal SAR 73.55 73.85
Australian Dollar AUD 192 194
Bahrain Dinar BHD 712.72 720.72
Canadian Dollar CAD 205 207
China Yuan CNY 39.67 40.07
Danish Krone DKK 39.33 39.73
Hong Kong Dollar HKD 34.19 34.54
Indian Rupee INR 3.28 3.39
Japanese Yen JPY 2.5 2.54
Kuwaiti Dinar KWD 878 887
Malaysian Ringgit MYR 62.83 63.43
New Zealand Dollar NZD 173.25 175.25
Norwegians Krone NOK 26.79 27.09
Omani Riyal OMR 696.08 704.08
Qatari Riyal ‎QAR 73.62 74.32
Singapore Dollar SGD 204 206
Swedish Korona SEK 25.61 25.91
Swiss Franc CHF 291.69 294.19
Thai Bhat THB 8.15 8.3

KARACHI – The price of a single tola of 24-karat gold in Pakistan is Rs 205,300 on Sunday. The price of 10 grams of 24k gold was recorded at Rs176,010.

Likewise, 10 grams of 22k gold were being traded for Rs167,318 while a single tola of 22-karat gold was being sold at Rs 195,157.

Note: The gold rate in Pakistan is fluctuating according to the international market so the price is never been fixed. The below rates are provided by local gold markets and Sarafa Markets of different cities.

City Gold Silver
Lahore PKR 205,300 PKR 2,360
Karachi PKR 205,300 PKR 2,360
Islamabad PKR 205,300 PKR 2,360
Peshawar PKR 205,300 PKR 2,360
Quetta PKR 205,300 PKR 2,360
Sialkot PKR 205,300 PKR 2,360
Attock PKR 205,300 PKR 2,360
Gujranwala PKR 205,300 PKR 2,360
Jehlum PKR 205,300 PKR 2,360
Multan PKR 205,300 PKR 2,360
Bahawalpur PKR 205,300 PKR 2,360
Gujrat PKR 205,300 PKR 2,360
Nawabshah PKR 205,300 PKR 2,360
Chakwal PKR 205,300 PKR 2,360
Hyderabad PKR 205,300 PKR 2,360
Nowshehra PKR 205,300 PKR 2,360
Sargodha PKR 205,300 PKR 2,360
Faisalabad PKR 205,300 PKR 2,360
Mirpur PKR 205,300 PKR 2,360


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