Three experts from Denmark and the US have been awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2022 “for the development of click chemistry and bioorthogonal chemistry”.
Carolyn R. Bertozzi and K. Barry Sharpless are US scientist while Morten Meldal belong to Denmark, according the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences
Sharpless and Meldal have laid the foundation for a functional form of chemistry – click chemistry – in which molecular building blocks snap together quickly and efficiently.
Bertozzi has taken click chemistry to a new dimension and started utilising it in living organisms. Her bioorthogonal reactions are now contributing to more targeted cancer treatments, among many other applications.
The Academy has so far given 114 Nobel Prizes in Chemistry between 1901 and 2022.
A day earlier, three academics from Austria, France and the US have won the Nobel Prize 2022 in Physics for their work related to supercomputers and encrypted communication.
Alain Aspect is French, John F. Clauser American and Anton Zeilinger Austrian, who secured the prestigious award “for experiments with entangled photons, establishing the violation of Bell inequalities and pioneering quantum information science.”
Pakistani rupee remained stable against US dollar, and other currencies in the open market amid strong economic cues.
On Sunday, the US dollar was being quoted at 285.15 for buying and 287.95 for selling.
Euro moves down to 309.9 for buying and 310.5 for selling. British Pound rate stands at 359.4 for buying, and 360.05 for selling.
UAE Dirham AED also moved down to 77.45 whereas the Saudi Riyal drops to 75.82.
|UK Pound Sterling||GBP||359.4||360.05|
|Hong Kong Dollar||HKD||36.38||36.48|
|New Zealand Dollar||NZD||173.44||175.44|
The price of gold increased by thousands of rupees due to an upward trend in the international market.
On Sunday, the price of a single tola of 24-karat gold stands at Rs219,800 and 10 grams of 24k gold costs Rs188,450.
Meanwhile, single tola of 22 Karat gold costs Rs201,482, 21 karat rate costs Rs192,325 and 18k gold rate is Rs164,850.
Globally, gold prices hover at around $2072, gaining $32 on Sunday.
|Lahore||PKR 219,800||PKR 2,730|
|Karachi||PKR 219,800||PKR 2,730|
|Islamabad||PKR 219,800||PKR 2,730|
|Peshawar||PKR 219,800||PKR 2,730|
|Quetta||PKR 219,800||PKR 2,730|
|Sialkot||PKR 219,800||PKR 2,730|
|Attock||PKR 219,800||PKR 2,730|
|Gujranwala||PKR 219,800||PKR 2,730|
|Jehlum||PKR 219,800||PKR 2,730|
|Multan||PKR 219,800||PKR 2,730|
|Bahawalpur||PKR 219,800||PKR 2,730|
|Gujrat||PKR 219,800||PKR 2,730|
|Nawabshah||PKR 219,800||PKR 2,730|
|Chakwal||PKR 219,800||PKR 2,730|
|Hyderabad||PKR 219,800||PKR 2,730|
|Nowshehra||PKR 219,800||PKR 2,730|
|Sargodha||PKR 219,800||PKR 2,730|
|Faisalabad||PKR 219,800||PKR 2,730|
|Mirpur||PKR 219,800||PKR 2,730|