The rhetoric of change

Syed Usama Shirazi  04:03 PM | 10 May, 2020
The rhetoric of change

Someone rightly said that politics is a dirty game where the enemies of yesterday become the friends of today and the friends of today become the enemies of tomorrow. Nothing is stagnant: the promises and even the ideologies on which the whole edifice of politics stands. The only permanent thing is self-interests.

Imran Khan, a cricketer turned politician, astutely sold the mantra of change. For twenty-two years, he tried to build his image as a breaker of the chains which shackled the general populace in poverty, underdevelopment, lawlessness, deep institutional rot, and inept leadership, since the inception.

He exploited the absence of Benazir Bhutto and Nawaz Sharif during the Musharraf tenure very well and won the confidence of the democratic faction of the country. His anti-establishment stance made him a ray of hope for the democratic forces and that's why anti-establishment factions in the media started to mainstream him.

After the charter of democracy, the establishment was compelled to find someone to counter the PMLN and People’s Party. The death of Benazir Bhutto limited PPP to only Sindh and at the national level, Imran Khan became an apple of the establishment eye.

Came with the manifesto of altering the status quo and to bring about the change that could bring down a king, elevate the lowly and humiliate the proud and a government established on the ideals of the state of Madina where a layman can question the decisions of a caliph. But the two years of the Khan’s government show these were just the rhetoric of change while the reality of accommodation of the status quo.

Firstly, before the general elections of 2018, he put off his ideological workers and preferred electable. These political families have been in the power for the last seventy years and some of them are in the last hundred years. So, it was his first U-turn from bringing change through the ideological representatives towards the fair-weather power-seekers.

Secondly, the projected himself as a populist leader who would uplift the lower segment of society. For low and middle class, lofty and unfulfillable projects were announced. After the passage of two years, where these projects stand, are enough to know how much the government is concerned about the lower segment.

Khan, maybe, has a habit of doing everything contrary to what he promised. On the economic front, his anti-public policies made the lives of the lower segment further miserable and left them at the mercy of venal opportunists. To minimize the trade deficit, he adopted ad-hoc and superfluous policies.

The devaluation of the currency made the inflation rate skyrocketed and halted many economic activities which culminated in the surge in unemployment. While the exports remain where it stood before; since the rule to increase export by devaluation applies to the countries having high value-added products while Pakistan has low-value products. This mismanagement of the economy made the middle class more vulnerable.

Until he was in opposition, he had been a staunch supporter of meritocracy, good governance, and efficient bureaucracy. After saddling the power, he grabbled with his responsibility by just making a committee under the auspice of Ishrat Hussain. Where is the committee and what recommendations of it have so far been implemented to make public institutions efficient? Have Punjab police been reformed? It is still being run by the colonial act with little modifications.

Corruption, corruption, and corruption was the only cause of the underdevelopment of this country when Khan was in opposition. But when he came into power, his mantra of corruption was changed from corruption to the corruption of the opposition. The suppression of political opponents on the charges of corruption is not new in this country. Ayub Khan’s Public Offices Disqualification Order (PODO) and the Elective Bodies Disqualification Order (EBDO) did the same as Khan has been doing for the last two years. Maybe, scapegoating the opposition to divert the attention of people from the government’s incompetence is a culture in the post-colonial countries.

In the last two years, Khan Government has taken loans of eleven thousand billion rupees. While no new motorway and metro is built, no increase in health and education budget, no increase in salaries of gazetted employees, and also as proclaimed no corruption, yet where does the money go?

The names of Khan’s close aides came in the wheat and sugar scam and instead of putting them behind the bars, one was made the minister of economic affairs. Is this what rule of law Imran Khan promised during his 22 years political struggle? Moreover, the final forensic audit report has now been delayed to save his other friend.

After the two years, it is not Imran khan who has failed but the people who brought him into the power directly or indirectly. As Machiavelli said “he who seeks to deceive will always find someone who will allow himself to be deceived.” hence, those who deceive others are small culprits than those who always present themselves to be deceived.

Fareed Zakaria once declared American's containment policy towards the Soviet Union as a "the rhetoric of change while the reality of accommodation" since the United States accepted the ugly face of the Soviet area of influence in Eastern Europe and rather, in fact, supported her by stopping the NATO eastward expansion. And here Imran Khan is doing the same by selling the rhetoric of change on one side while accommodating the status quo on the other side to keep himself in power. After all, here in Pakistani politics, everyone sees what you appear to be, few experience what you really are.

The writer is pursuing MPhil in international relations from Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad.

Syed Usama Shirazi 
Syed Usama Shirazi 

The writer is pursuing MPhil in international relations from Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad.


KARACHI - Following are the foreign currency exchange rates for US Dollar, Saudi Riyal, UK Pound Sterling, U.A.E. Dirham, European Euro, and other foreign currencies in Pakistan open market on January 26, 2023 (Thursday).

Source: Forex Association of Pakistan. (last update 09:00 AM)

Currency Symbol Buying Selling
US Dollar ‎USD 253.4 255.15
Euro EUR 274 276.6
UK Pound Sterling GBP 311 314
U.A.E Dirham AED 68.7 69.3
Saudi Riyal SAR 66.4 67
Australian Dollar AUD 176 178
Bahrain Dinar BHD 615.68 620.18
Canadian Dollar CAD 186 188
China Yuan CNY 34.12 34.37
Danish Krone DKK 33.83 34.18
Hong Kong Dollar HKD 29.52 29.87
Indian Rupee INR 2.81 2.89
Japanese Yen JPY 2.5 2.54
Kuwaiti Dinar KWD 756.69 761.69
Malaysian Ringgit MYR 52.59 53.04
New Zealand Dollar NZD 148.33 149.53
Norwegians Krone NOK 22.43 22.73
Omani Riyal OMR 600.37 604.87
Qatari Riyal ‎QAR 63.5 64
Singapore Dollar SGD 178 179.3
Swedish Korona SEK 21.78 22.08
Swiss Franc CHF 250.23 251.98
Thai Bhat THB 6.98 7.08

KARACHI – The price of a single tola of 24-karat gold in Pakistan is Rs190,900 on Thursday. The price of 10 grams of 24k gold was recorded at Rs163,670.

Likewise, 10 grams of 22k gold were being traded for Rs150,300 while a single tola of 22-karat gold was being sold at Rs 173,200.

Note: The gold rate in Pakistan is fluctuating according to the international market so the price is never been fixed. The below rates are provided by local gold markets and Sarafa Markets of different cities.

City Gold Silver
Lahore PKR 190,900 PKR 2,100
Karachi PKR 190,900 PKR 2,100
Islamabad PKR 190,900 PKR 2,100
Peshawar PKR 190,900 PKR 2,100
Quetta PKR 190,900 PKR 2,100
Sialkot PKR 190,900 PKR 2,100
Attock PKR 190,900 PKR 2,100
Gujranwala PKR 190,900 PKR 2,100
Jehlum PKR 190,900 PKR 2,100
Multan PKR 190,900 PKR 2,100
Bahawalpur PKR 190,900 PKR 2,100
Gujrat PKR 190,900 PKR 2,100
Nawabshah PKR 190,900 PKR 2,100
Chakwal PKR 190,900 PKR 2,100
Hyderabad PKR 190,900 PKR 2,100
Nowshehra PKR 190,900 PKR 2,100
Sargodha PKR 190,900 PKR 2,100
Faisalabad PKR 190,900 PKR 2,100
Mirpur PKR 190,900 PKR 2,100


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