Social Media: An agent of socialization or polarization

04:04 PM | 13 Nov, 2018
Social Media: An agent of socialization or polarization
Social media platforms have become the main source of sharing information, expressing opinions, defaming and bullying today. The positive impact of Facebook, Twitter and the rest of likewise social websites is much less than its negative outcomes. It won’t be wrong if it’s concluded that Pakistani society seems to be fighting a fatal war on social media. From religious extremists to political parties and from terrorists to external enemies, all are using these advanced technological platforms to disintegrate the already endangered fabric of society.

A nation under utmost economical pressure seeking bailout packages desperately can’t afford a war within yet again. When the monstrous terror of suicide bombers raged the land of pure after the dawn of the prevalent century, our country suffered the unprecedented killings. But the miseries continue even after a successful war against Tehrik e Taliban Pakistan (TTP), for now, social media has imprisoned the minds of our youth in its intricate web. Resultantly, the chasm within the nation has widened more than ever.

Noreen, a medical student, had been found missing from her hometown Hyderabad a few years ago. When she was recovered from Lahore, the capital city of Punjab, it was revealed that she had been influenced by a terrorist organization on social media covertly. But now the case is altogether different in our country: the most prominent example is of Mr Khadim Rizvi of Therik e Labaik Ya Rasool Ullah (SAW) who is busy playing with the emotions of masses overtly. He fearlessly ignites the intolerance and hate by labeling the opponents as ‘Kafirs’ and asserts that whosoever will slay them will go to Paradise. By the way, this is one of the innumerable examples of spreading hate and intolerance.

Political parties have launched heavily funded campaigns on social media to defame and insult the opponents. In fact, General Election 2018 is won by Imran Khan’s Pakistan Tehrik e Insaaf (PTI) by defaming the Shareefs. On the other hand, the  Ex-Prime Minister of Pakistan Mr. Nawaz Shareef’s daughter Maryam Nawaz is accused of running a defaming campaign against the Prime Minister of Pakistan Mr Imran Khan while his father was in PM house.

These politically motivated social media campaigns serve the purpose of inciting violence by spreading hatred. Resultantly, people go to the extent of physically harming the other party’s followers. Whereas, use of coarse language is no more an immoral act now. The most unfortunate is the fact that apart from targeting political ideas, personal life and religious beliefs are criticized on social media also.

The major segment of the Pakistani population consists of youth and social media’s impact on youth is significant. Certain pages have been purposefully created and launched on social media to target the youth of the country.

These pages deal the youngsters tactfully: they either create confusion their minds or attract them to the materialism. Prevalent pages on social media can be divided in many kinds: Fake News propagators, Religious Sects representatives, Sensational News publishers, Sexual attractors and politically motivated platforms. All of these pages are heavily funded except the News pages that earn through Facebook Instant Articles.

Most of these platforms are in fact powerful tools of Fifth Generation Warfare. Their aim is to divide and break the country into pieces. Social polarization in the land of pure has crossed the limits since every individual is a sectarian hardliner or politically motivated to the extent that logic, sanity and impartiality has vanished altogether.

For students, social media has become a great hurdle in education. Many pupils are found sleeping in the classes after spending their whole night in handling their social media accounts. Apart from the psychological and mental corruption, it hurts their health immensely while no one has yet launched any awareness campaign exerting the adverse effects of an imbalanced circadian rhythm.

The generation gap has widened more than ever since the youngsters’ virtual engagements consume the major proportion of their time nowadays. Furthermore, the race of having what a virtual friend owns has made parents’ life extremely difficult. Teenagers, without confirming the authenticity, want to have whatever they see in their friends’ pictures displayed through social media. Resultantly, desperateness leads to inferiority complex or crime.

Lack of appropriate legislation and failure of implementation of existing Cyber Crime Act has unleashed all the shrewd protagonists are spreading chaos in the society successfully. Pakistan is in dire need of educating its youth to cope with information present on social media. They must be well equipped to understand the hidden agenda of the propagators since Fake News dilemma has already widened the chasm to an almost unbridgeable level.

Naeem Ahmed Qazi is committed to helping achieve SDGs through efficient practices for human development. As an educationist by training and social influencer by passion, he has a keen eye for current societal transformation. He serves as a development consultant for national and foreign institutions.


Pakistani rupee exchange rate against US dollar, Euro, Pound and Riyal – March 1, 2024

Pakistani rupee remains stable against US dollar in the open market on March 1, 2024 (Friday).

US Dollar rate in Pakistan

In the open market, the US dollar was being quoted at 279.32 for buying and 282.35 for selling.

Euro currently stands at 302 for buying and 305 for selling while British Pound rate stands at 353 for buying, and 356 for selling.

UAE Dirham AED hovers at 76.15 whereas the Saudi Riyal saw slight increase, with new rates at 74.4.

Today’s currency exchange rates in Pakistan – March 1, 2024

Source: Forex Association of Pakistan. (last update 09:00 AM)
Currency Symbol Buying Selling
US Dollar ‎USD 279.32 282.35
Euro EUR 302 305
UK Pound Sterling GBP 353 356
U.A.E Dirham AED 76.15 76.85
Saudi Riyal SAR 74.4 75.2
Australian Dollar AUD 181 183
Bahrain Dinar BHD 743.11 751.11
Canadian Dollar CAD 207 209.2
China Yuan CNY 38.82 39.22
Danish Krone DKK 40.69 41.09
Hong Kong Dollar HKD 35.7 36.05
Indian Rupee INR 3.37 3.48
Japanese Yen JPY 2.1 2.18
Kuwaiti Dinar KWD 907.32 916.32
Malaysian Ringgit MYR 58.49 59.09
New Zealand Dollar NZD 172.43 174.43
Norwegians Krone NOK 26.36 26.66
Omani Riyal OMR 725.68 733.68
Qatari Riyal ‎QAR 76.74 77.46
Singapore Dollar SGD 207 209
Swedish Korona SEK 27.13 27.43
Swiss Franc CHF 317.76 320.26
Thai Bhat THB 7.76 7.91


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