102-year-old German woman to get PhD degree finally

04:58 PM | 9 Jun, 2015
102-year-old German woman to get PhD degree finally

LONDON  (Web Desk)  - A 102-year-old German woman, who was denied her doctorate by the Nazis almost 80 years ago, will become the world’s oldest person to receive a PhD degree, Independent reported.

Ingeborg Rapoport (formerly Syllm) finished her doctoral dissertation on diphtheria in 1938 – aged 25 and five years after Adolf Hitler was named chancellor – but was refused entry to her final exam because her mother was Jewish.

Ms Rapoport recalled how her then professor praised her research and work on the illness – which was the leading cause of death in children in the U.S. and throughout Europe at the time.

“My medical existence was turned to rubble,” she said, remembering how officials marked her exam forms with a bright yellow stripe which stamped her work as ‘ineligible’ for academic advancement.

“It was a shame for science and a shame for Germany,” she added.

Shortly after the ban, Ms Rapaport emigrated alone and with hardly any money to the U.S. where she did hospital internships in Brooklyn, Baltimore and Ohio.

She applied to 48 medical schools and was finally accepted by the Women’s Medical College of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia.

The University of Hamburg decided to set the record right when, last month, three professors travelled to Ms Rapaport’s home in East Berlin to carry out the oral exam she was denied almost eight decades ago which she passed.

Ms Rapaport will finally receive her PhD today in a special ceremony at the university.

The soon-to-be doctor explained how her achievement was ‘about the principle’, adding: “I didn't want to defend my thesis for my own sake. After all, at the age of 102, all of this wasn't exactly easy for me. I did it for the victims.”


The author is working as Editor Digital Media for Daily Pakistan and can be reached @ItsSarfrazAli.


Pakistani rupee exchange rate against US dollar, Euro, Pound and Riyal - 22 February 2024

Pakistani rupee remains stable against US dollar and other currencies in the open market on February 22, 2024 (Thursday)

US Dollar rate in Pakistan

In the open market, the US dollar was being quoted at 279.6 for buying and 282.4 for selling.

Euro comes down to 300.2 for buying and 303.2 for selling while British Pound rate stands at 350.6 for buying, and 354.1 for selling.

UAE Dirham AED hovers at 76.2 whereas the Saudi Riyal saw slight increase, with new rates at 74.45.

Today’s currency exchange rates in Pakistan - 22 Feb 2024

Source: Forex Association of Pakistan. (last update 09:00 AM)
Currency Symbol Buying Selling
US Dollar USD 279.6 282.4
Euro EUR 300.2 303.2
UK Pound Sterling GBP 350.6 354.1
U.A.E Dirham AED 76.2 76.95
Saudi Riyal SAR 74.45 75.2
Australian Dollar AUD 181.15 183.15
Bahrain Dinar BHD 743.32 751.32
Canadian Dollar CAD 207.15 209.15
China Yuan CNY 38.89 39.29
Danish Krone DKK 40.38 40.78
Hong Kong Dollar HKD 35.74 36.09
Indian Rupee INR 3.37 3.48
Japanese Yen JPY 2.10 2.18
Kuwaiti Dinar KWD 902.41 911.41
Malaysian Ringgit MYR 58.6 59.2
New Zealand Dollar NZD 171.68 173.68
Norwegians Krone NOK 26.43 26.73
Omani Riyal OMR 725.96 733.96
Qatari Riyal QAR 76.76 77.46
Singapore Dollar SGD 207.1 209.1
Swedish Korona SEK 26.53 26.83
Swiss Franc CHF 316.9 319.4
Thai Bhat THB 7.93 8.08


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