The report titled ‘The Three Overlapping Streams of India’s Nuclear Programmes’ also called for a satisfactory international oversight on Indian nukes.
It also identified problems arising from the gaps in the commitments that India made after the nuclear deal, and focused on India's separation plan, its Safeguards Agreement and Additional Protocol.
The report noted that India has not placed due safeguards at a 500MW Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor, which is scheduled to achieve criticality in April 2016, and as result the nuclear plant is poised to introduce a new pathway for the production of both electricity and un-safeguarded plutonium.
"The incompleteness of the separation of India’s civilian and military programmes should be taken into consideration by nuclear suppliers when determining conditions for nuclear cooperation," it recommended.
The authors have also recommend steps for India to take under its safeguards agreement with the International Atomic Energy Agency to provide assurances to all states that components of its civilian programme are not contributing to the growth of its nuclear arsenal.
These steps include renouncing options that would facilitate the use of safeguarded items to produce un-safeguarded nuclear material, and placing the proliferation-sensitive components of its nuclear power industry under continuous safeguards.
Ali Zain is a member of the staff at Daily Pakistan Global. He earned BS Communication Studies degree from University of the Punjab. His thesis titled "Cultural Continuity and Mass Media: An analysis of leading online newspapers ...
KARACHI - Following are the foreign currency exchange rates for US Dollar, Saudi Riyal, UK Pound Sterling, U.A.E. Dirham, European Euro, and other foreign currencies in Pakistan open market on February 8, 2023 (Wednesday).
Source: Forex Association of Pakistan. (last update 09:00 AM)
|UK Pound Sterling||GBP||331.78||332.48|
|Hong Kong Dollar||HKD||35.08||35.45|
|New Zealand Dollar||NZD||174.19||176.18|
KARACHI – The price of a single tola of 24-karat gold in Pakistan is Rs199,500 on Wednesday. The price of 10 grams of 24k gold was recorded at Rs171,040.
Likewise, 10 grams of 22k gold were being traded for Rs167,318 while a single tola of 22-karat gold was being sold at Rs 195,157.
Note: The gold rate in Pakistan is fluctuating according to the international market so the price is never been fixed. The below rates are provided by local gold markets and Sarafa Markets of different cities.
|Lahore||PKR 199,500||PKR 2,340|
|Karachi||PKR 199,500||PKR 2,340|
|Islamabad||PKR 199,500||PKR 2,340|
|Peshawar||PKR 199,500||PKR 2,340|
|Quetta||PKR 199,500||PKR 2,340|
|Sialkot||PKR 199,500||PKR 2,340|
|Attock||PKR 199,500||PKR 2,340|
|Gujranwala||PKR 199,500||PKR 2,340|
|Jehlum||PKR 199,500||PKR 2,340|
|Multan||PKR 199,500||PKR 2,340|
|Bahawalpur||PKR 199,500||PKR 2,340|
|Gujrat||PKR 199,500||PKR 2,340|
|Nawabshah||PKR 199,500||PKR 2,340|
|Chakwal||PKR 199,500||PKR 2,340|
|Hyderabad||PKR 199,500||PKR 2,340|
|Nowshehra||PKR 199,500||PKR 2,340|
|Sargodha||PKR 199,500||PKR 2,340|
|Faisalabad||PKR 199,500||PKR 2,340|
|Mirpur||PKR 199,500||PKR 2,340|