Let's look at some of the countries that have been living without any armed forces:
In 1948, after its victory in the civil war, the country put an end to having any armed force. Every year, Costa Rica celebrates Army Abolition Day on December 1. The police force currently handles the internal security of the country.
The country was invaded by the United States in the year 1983, and since then Grenada has not had a standing army in its service. A paramilitary force as part of the Royal Grenada Police Force works on internal security.
A nation of three group of islands, Kiribati, is another country with no standing army. The nation has a defence assistance from Australia and New Zealand along with its own Kiribati Police Service.
Under a separate military treaty, Andorra receives protection from Spain and France but has no standing military force. Andorra does have a small army for special ceremonies. Laws in the nation are handled by the National Police Corps.
The smallest country in the world, Vatican City used to have many armed forces to protect the pope and the country but Pope Paul VI abolished all the forces in 1970. However, since the little country is located in Rome, Italy protects the Vatican City.
Iceland had an army in 1869 but after that, the country had defense agreements with the U.S. to maintain an Iceland Defense Force that existed from 1951-2006. In 2006, America announced that it will provide Iceland its security without any stationed forces in the country.
KARACHI - Following are the foreign currency exchange rates for US Dollar, Saudi Riyal, UK Pound Sterling, U.A.E. Dirham, European Euro, and other foreign currencies in Pakistan open market on March 31, 2023 (Friday).
Source: Forex Association of Pakistan. (last update 09:00 AM)
|UK Pound Sterling||GBP||347.5||351|
|Hong Kong Dollar||HKD||36.11||36.46|
|New Zealand Dollar||NZD||175.57||177.58|
KARACHI - The price of a single tola of 24-karat gold in Pakistan is Rs 208,200 on Friday. The price of 10 grams of 24k gold was recorded at Rs178,500.
Likewise, 10 grams of 22k gold were being traded for Rs163,624 while a single tola of 22-karat gold was being sold at Rs 190,849.
Note: The gold rate in Pakistan is fluctuating according to the international market so the price is never been fixed. The below rates are provided by local gold markets and Sarafa Markets of different cities.
|Lahore||PKR 208,200||PKR 2,470|
|Karachi||PKR 208,200||PKR 2,470|
|Islamabad||PKR 208,200||PKR 2,470|
|Peshawar||PKR 208,200||PKR 2,470|
|Quetta||PKR 208,200||PKR 2,470|
|Sialkot||PKR 208,200||PKR 2,470|
|Attock||PKR 208,200||PKR 2,470|
|Gujranwala||PKR 208,200||PKR 2,470|
|Jehlum||PKR 208,200||PKR 2,470|
|Multan||PKR 208,200||PKR 2,470|
|Bahawalpur||PKR 208,200||PKR 2,470|
|Gujrat||PKR 208,200||PKR 2,470|
|Nawabshah||PKR 208,200||PKR 2,470|
|Chakwal||PKR 208,200||PKR 2,470|
|Hyderabad||PKR 208,200||PKR 2,470|
|Nowshehra||PKR 208,200||PKR 2,470|
|Sargodha||PKR 208,200||PKR 2,470|
|Faisalabad||PKR 208,200||PKR 2,470|
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