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Ambiguous terms in Nikah can’t be used against bride, rules SC

09:21 PM | 24 Apr, 2024
Marriage contract

In a landmark decision, the Supreme Court of Pakistan has ruled in favor of granting women greater autonomy and freedom in expressing consent within marriage contracts.

The ruling, issued by a two-member bench comprising Justice Amin-ud-Din Khan and Justice Athar Minallah, highlights the significance of ensuring clarity and understanding in the terms and conditions outlined in marriage contracts.

The verdict, authored by Justice Athar Minallah, highlights that prior to finalizing the terms and conditions of a marriage contract, brides have all the rights to express their consent freely. It emphasizes that any ambiguity or uncertainty found within the contract, including entries or columns, shall be interpreted to benefit the wife.

The decision establishes a legal precedent, affirming that in cases of contractual ambiguity, the original intentions of both parties should guide interpretation. Moreover, the courts are directed to ascertain whether the bride had complete autonomy in expressing her consent before clarifying the terms of the marriage contract.

Crucially, the ruling prohibits the use of clauses within the contract that are completed without meaningful consultation with the bride, safeguarding her rights and interests.

Furthermore, the court ruling elucidates that until the principle of balancing opportunities is thoroughly examined, ambiguity cannot be exploited against the bride. It acknowledges the prevailing societal norms where terms and conditions of marriage contracts are predominantly determined by men.

The case prompting this significant ruling involved a dispute arising after the dissolution of a marriage between the husband and wife. The woman sought the return of dowry and other belongings as stipulated in the marriage contract. Upon reaching the High Court, it was decided that the woman should be granted the property mentioned in column number 17 of the marriage contract. Subsequently, an appeal was filed, contesting this decision, which was ultimately dismissed by the Supreme Court.

This verdict not only ensures women's rights within the institution of marriage but also sets a precedent for greater gender equality and empowerment within the legal framework of Pakistan.

Daily Pakistan Global Web Desk

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Currency Rates in Pakistan Today - Pak Rupee to US Dollar, Euro, Dirham, Riyal 23 May 2024

Pakistani currency rates against US Dollar and other currencies on May 23, 2024 (Thursday) in open market.

USD to PKR rate today

US dollar was being quoted at 277.25 for buying and 280.25 for selling.

Euro moved down to 297 for buying and 300 for selling while British Pound rate is 349.5 for buying, and 353 for selling.

UAE Dirham AED was at 75.2 and Saudi Riyal came down to 73.45.

Today’s currency exchange rates in Pakistan - 23 May 2024

Source: Forex Association of Pakistan. (last update 08:00 AM)
Currency Symbol Buying Selling
US Dollar ‎USD 277.25 280.25
Euro EUR 297 300
UK Pound Sterling GBP 349.5 353
U.A.E Dirham AED 75.2 75.95
Saudi Riyal SAR 73.45 74.2
Australian Dollar AUD 183 184.8
Bahrain Dinar BHD 740.52 748.52
Canadian Dollar CAD 203 205
China Yuan CNY 38.51 38.91
Danish Krone DKK 40.52 40.92
Hong Kong Dollar HKD 35.68 36.03
Indian Rupee INR 3.34 3.45
Japanese Yen JPY 1.91 1.99
Kuwaiti Dinar KWD 903.3 912.3
Malaysian Ringgit MYR 59.39 59.99
New Zealand Dollar NZD 170.11 172.11
Norwegians Krone NOK 25.92 26.22
Omani Riyal OMR 723.46 731.46
Qatari Riyal ‎QAR 76.42 77.12
Singapore Dollar SGD 203 205
Swedish Korona SEK 26.02 26.32
Swiss Franc CHF 305.97 308.47
Thai Bhat THB 7.67 7.82

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