Beware! Long Road Ahead

06:25 PM | 28 Mar, 2019
Beware! Long Road Ahead
Pakistan commenced its journey on the promised road to prosperity after its independence in 1947. Several decades passed after obtaining the desired individuality as a free country, however, Pakistan remained under-developed and failed to become a reasonably advanced State where the welfare of people could be introduced as promised.

Limited progress could be achieved during last 72 years which was inadequate and could not meaningfully influence the lives of people. Social as well as political institutions either remained absent or were not able to play their role. In some areas where a degree of physical infrastructure development took place, NGOs and CSOs managed the work by filling the gap left by the government. With government lacking in its will, capability and capacity to bring social advancement, the progress made in last seven decades cannot be termed as satisfactory.

With 2.63% of world’s population, highest maternal mortality ratios in South Asia, stagnant literacy rate[3], stratified access to basic services and elevated yet unknown figures of unemployment[4], social development remains hindered due to various factors including inequality in income thus creating divisions into the economic stratum of society. Friction of economic differences exists between these social divisions while rampant corruption, child labour, gender discrimination, domestic violence and unaddressed problems related to youth, Pakistan could not achieve the desired social development.

These poor socio-economic conditions socially construct and shape factors that affect the conduct and behavior of the general masses. Social constructivism due to factors like unemployment are some of the causes behind the increasing number of radical groups in Pakistan[5]. In fact, social constructivism[6] in Pakistan serves to comprehend issues that are encouraging social extremism in the country.

Pakistan’s society could neither become fully agrarian nor fully industrialized. However, the institution of family irrespective of the area, became fairly strong but stalwartly patriarchal. Most people live with large extended families, as two third of Pakistan’s population prefer to live in joint family system[7] often breathing in the same house or in one compound.

With a population of over 207 million stands as fifth most populous country[8] amongst the comity of nations and a 1641 USDs as GDP (gross domestic product) per capita recorded in 2018[9], Pakistan today is listed on 147th serial in the list compiled as per GDP per capita in the world.

Although the successive government in Pakistan seemed serious about improving economy to a greater extent[10]yet in reality their performance has remain well-below the required level. At present, official surveys reflect economic growth rate showing an upward trend, but in reality the economy of country stands confronted with serious challenges on several fronts including debt, fiscal deficit, balance of payments etc. Inflation has increased since 2018 while total debt and external debt as percent of GDP are mounting[11]. These liabilities do not allow the expected trajectory of growth to stay sustainable.

The humble economic state of country can be attributed to a number of factors. It is a common perception in Pakistan that since the government’s economic strategy is steered by foreign policies of developed countries or economic policies of entities like International Monetary Fund (IMF) or World Bank, thus economic policy planners in Pakistan follow dictates of multilateral lenders rather than developing their homegrown blueprint. But in reality, the government is not doing at least what it can. Even the figures of improvement boasted by the government are also not reliable since these figures do not correspond to other facts presented by the government.

As per analytical brief[12] on the economic survey published by Government for 2018, growth in Pakistan’s industrial sector is reflected as 5.8 percent, while the industrial consumption of electricity actually declined by 3 percent (from 15.7 thousand GWh to 15.3 thousand GWh). Similarly, within agriculture crops, sugarcane production increased by 7.8 percent, whereas the production of sugar declined by 7.7 percent. Likewise, as per figures published by government, cigarette production grew by 77.5 percent, whereas tobacco production and tobacco export have shown no growth. Similarly, petroleum production showed a growth of more than 10 percent, while fuel being a major input in the transport sector, indicated a growth of only 3.6 percent. Growth in crop sector was recorded at 3.8 percent, while the fertilizer offtake decreased by 3.4 per cent and credit to farmers for cropping was also reduced by 3 percent. Thus the figures provided by the government conflict with its own data and situation on ground.

Notwithstanding the fact that nearly 60 percent of Pakistan’s export profits are earned by textiles and Pakistan stands among the top five cotton producing countries, its share in international trade of textiles and clothing remained less than 3 percent. It indicates that successive governments have failed in boosting the share of manufacturing sector. With the only 1 % of total adult population as tax payers[13], 8.21% highest inflation rate[14] hitting the poor and middle class, the pressure on masses is expected to rise in shape of price hike and currency devaluation.

With ongoing CPEC (China Pakistan Economic Corridor) projects and despite the investment from Saudi Arabia, UAE and China Pakistan had to seek its thirteenth bailout since the late 1980s as State Bank of Pakistan had only $7 billion of foreign reserves[15].

In nutshell, society in Pakistan with a 24.3% people still living below the line of abject poverty[16], a hard-pressed and struggling middle class (18th largest Middle Class in the world[17]) and general poor populace with no comparable change in their nature of occupation, increase in income, betterment in standard of life or encouraging figures of educational accomplishments, remains highly vulnerable and prone to a host of societal challenges. Government has to go a long way without destroying the hopes of common masses for relief in face of economic hardships. Common people cannot bear it for long. Following government’s engagement with IMF, expected hike in prices of gas, electricity and fuel will shake the confidence of common citizen in the government. The federal government need to strike a balance between what should be done and what can be avoided. For a common man like me, promoting efficient tax culture, maintaining consistency in economic policies, effort on exploring natural resources, equal distribution of income, incentives to investors and above all strict accountability on funds utilization and lowering defense budget are few of the numerous areas where government can perform without being influenced by external pressures in days to come.



[3]  Pakistan’s overall literacy rate remains static at 58 percent that remains unchanged from that of 2015-2016. As an explaination, population and housing census was not carried out for 2017-2018, thus Economic Survey of states that figures for 2015-2016 should be considered for current year as well.

[4] In Economic Survey 2017-2018 published by Ministry of finance, no figure of unemployment has been mentioned. It only mentioned that government has started a revolutionary program- ‘Prime Minister’s Youth Programme ‘for the socio-economic development of youth to combat unemployment in the country.

[5] Research paper : Social Factors InfluencingExtremism in Pakistan by Fozia and Muhammad Khan: pk /Latest_English_Journal/Jul-Decem%202015%20No.2/6.%20Social%20Factors%20Influencing%20Extremism,%20Fozia%20and%20M.%20Khan.pdf

[6]  Cynthia Weber, International Relations Theory : London: Routledge Publisher, 2001.

[7] News report based on survey published in Daily tribune dated 6 Oct 10 :


[9]Economic Indicators 2018 (PDF) published by Pakistan Finance Division.



[12] Analytical Brief : Reflection on State of Economy and Federal Budget 2018-2019 published by Social Policy and Development Centre (SPDC) dated May 2018

[13]  Survey Report :

[14]  Data as of February 2019 :


[16] Economic Survey 2017-2018



Pakistani rupee registers marginal gain against US Dollar, Euro, Pound, Riyal and Dirham; Check forex rates

Pakistani rupee continued its momentum against the US dollar, and orther currencies in the open market on Thursday, as the local currency also improved in the inter-bank market.

Dollar Rate in Pakistan Today

On Thursday, the US dollar moved down and was being quoted at 283.2 for buying and 286.15 for selling.

Euro comes down to 308 for buying and 311 for selling. British Pound rate dropped to 358.5 for buying, and 362 for selling.

UAE Dirham AED witnessed slight drop and new rate stands at 77.4 whereas the Saudi Riyal remained stable at 76.

Today's currency exchange rates in Pakistan - 7 December 2023

Source: Forex Association of Pakistan. (last update 09:00 AM)

Currency Symbol Buying Selling
US Dollar USD 283.2 286.15
Euro EUR 308 311
UK Pound Sterling GBP 358.5 362
U.A.E Dirham AED 77.4 78.1
Saudi Riyal SAR 76 76.8
Australian Dollar AUD 187.2 189
Bahrain Dinar BHD 757.23 765.23
Canadian Dollar CAD 209 211
China Yuan CNY 39.89 40.29
Danish Krone DKK 41.19 41.59
Hong Kong Dollar HKD 36.41 36.76
Indian Rupee INR 3.42 3.53
Japanese Yen JPY 1.39 1.45
Kuwaiti Dinar KWD 921.71 930.71
Malaysian Ringgit MYR 61.02 61.62
New Zealand Dollar NZD 174.54 176.54
Norwegians Krone NOK 26.05 26.35
Omani Riyal OMR 739.62 747.62
Qatari Riyal QAR 78.22 78.92
Singapore Dollar SGD 211 213
Swedish Korona SEK 27.12 27.42
Swiss Franc CHF 324.94 327.44
Thai Bhat THB 8.06 8.21

Gold prices in Pakistan move down despite positive global cues; Check latest rates here

Gold price in Pakistan remained under pressure as the yellow metal moved down despite an upward trend in the international market.

Gold Rates in Pakistan Today - 7 December 2023

On Thursday, the price of a single tola of 24-karat gold stands at Rs217,100 and 10 grams of 24k gold costs Rs186,130. 

Single tola of 22 Karat Gold costs Rs199,000, 21 karat rate for per tola is Rs189,960 and 18k gold rate is Rs162,825.00 for each tola.

In the global market, gold prices hover at around $2026, gaining $8.30 on Thursday.

Today Gold Rate in Pakistan

Today Gold Price in Pakistan (4 September 2023)

City Gold Silver
Lahore PKR 217,100 PKR 2,565
Karachi PKR 217,100 PKR 2,565
Islamabad PKR 217,100 PKR 2,565
Peshawar PKR 217,100 PKR 2,565
Quetta PKR 217,100 PKR 2,565
Sialkot PKR 217,100 PKR 2,565
Attock PKR 217,100 PKR 2,565
Gujranwala PKR 217,100 PKR 2,565
Jehlum PKR 217,100 PKR 2,565
Multan PKR 217,100 PKR 2,565
Bahawalpur PKR 217,100 PKR 2,565
Gujrat PKR 217,100 PKR 2,565
Nawabshah PKR 217,100 PKR 2,565
Chakwal PKR 217,100 PKR 2,565
Hyderabad PKR 217,100 PKR 2,565
Nowshehra PKR 217,100 PKR 2,565
Sargodha PKR 217,100 PKR 2,565
Faisalabad PKR 217,100 PKR 2,565
Mirpur PKR 217,100 PKR 2,565


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