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Peace education at schools: the only way forward

Naeem Ahmed Qazi 01:58 PM | 31 Aug, 2018
Peace education at schools: the only way forward
School is the only avenue leading to peace but the outdated syllabi, orthodox teaching methodologies and inappropriate learning environment are too strong in Pakistan leaving minimal chances of transformation. Our education system primarily focuses on academic learning which is meant to attain higher grades in examination. Peace education is least important for the policymakers as well as researchers since few have worked in this domain.

More than ever rising interest of highly educated people in the terrorist organizations and activities is a result of lack of interest shown by our governments, civil society and parents. Devastatingly, use of power remains the answer to violent and non-violent extremism in the land of pure, even today.

“Peace cannot be kept by force; it can only be achieved by understanding” Albert Einstein’s words say it all. This is only due to the lack of understanding that humankind is always at war.

Predominantly, almost all of the Muslim states are facing the sectarian conflicts. Likewise, Pakistan is the worst affected country where sectarian prejudices exist at the optimal level. Adding to the jeopardy is the absence of efforts and intent to eradicate the prevalent sectarian radicalization leading to violent extremism in the country. Regrettably, not even a single book taught at schools contains a unit, a passage or even a single sentence promoting the idea that a Muslim is a Muslim notwithstanding what sects he comes from. A battle of labeling the others as Kafirs (non-believers) is going on in Pakistan. Fragility and sensitiveness of adding texts promoting co-existence at a sectarian level are prodigious, but there is no other path except educating our children appropriately.

Ansarul Sharia Pakistan, a proscribed organization, not only consisted of highly educated members but it was founded by university graduates. Similarly, Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan, Lashkar-e-Jhangvi, Al-Qaeda also had well-educated members.

A curriculum promoting peace education instills discipline. It inculcates different ways to avert the social ills of violent and non-violent extremism at a very early age. Fundamental rights of an individual, co-existence, inter-cultural and inter-religious faith and harmony and above all conflict resolution skills should be the indispensable parts of peace education curriculum.

Inseminating peace into the learners using prevalent subjects, such as Geography, Pakistan Studies, Islamiyat and, Urdu, English and Social Studies, is possible. Curriculum reformation is required only.

The education minister, Mr. Shafqat Mehood, pointed to the need of standardization of education the other day. Which vividly depicts that he is on the wrong path since instead of standardizing the education; he should transform it to cope with the dangers posed by violent and non-violent extremism along with enrolment and quality issues prevalent throughout the country.

The true purpose of learning is to further the emotional and intellectual development not rote learning the texts that were memorized even by students more than three decades ago.

Conflict Resolution skills should be developed at schools through curriculum, teaching, discipline and overall environment.

Presence of disturbance and disequilibrium within mankind, at the social level and global level, will only vanish if our youth is taught conflict-resolving skills. Students’ right to learning ways of abstaining from violence must not be compromised. It’s a shame that education is not meant to develop peace and harmony.

Teachers’ role in imparting peace education is vital since they are the ones who even in the absence of peace curriculum and environment play an effective role as a moderator and conciliator worldwide. Teachers must be trained to make students responsible and creative. Pupils must be able to develop values and attitudes like cooperation, solidarity and autonomy at school. Teaching how to understand conflicts and similarities amongst fellow students is essential. Children must put themselves in other’s shoes prior to judging fellow being’s actions.

Dialogue plays a pivotal role in conflict resolution hence youth must be taught to adopt conflict resolution methods which are non-violent manner and do not harm the dignity of both the parties. Interactive, cooperative, problem-solving teaching methodologies should be promoted in the classroom.

Particularly, in the land of pure, education has become a race, a competition in which every student is taught to defeat the rest. For instance, most of the Pakistani school have more than 50 kids in a classroom where both teachers and learners are busy writing Teachers have no time since they enter the classroom and start writing on the whiteboard while students keep copying the teacher all the time. Their sole aim is to obtain an A grade in exam since it’s a matter of survival for the teacher and on the other hand, children are trained to strive hard to stay ahead of the rest. Schools are the only place where kids can learn social skills that help them live in harmony with others without hurting their own personality.

Naeem Ahmed Qazi
Naeem Ahmed Qazi

Naeem Ahmed Qazi is committed to helping achieve SDGs through efficient practices for human development. As an educationist by training and social influencer by passion, he has a keen eye for current societal transformation. He ...

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KARACHI - Following are the foreign currency exchange rates for US Dollar, Saudi Riyal, UK Pound Sterling, U.A.E. Dirham, European Euro, and other foreign currencies in Pakistan open market on February 03, 2023 (Friday).

Source: Forex Association of Pakistan. (last update 09:00 AM)

Currency Symbol Buying Selling
US Dollar ‎USD 272.25 273.25
Euro EUR 297.32 297.65
UK Pound Sterling GBP 333.31 333.61
U.A.E Dirham AED 73.03 73.33
Saudi Riyal SAR 71.49 71.80
Australian Dollar AUD 188.9 191.3
Bahrain Dinar BHD 712.73 720.73
Canadian Dollar CAD 200.95 203.15
China Yuan CNY 39.67 40.07
Danish Krone DKK 39.11 39.51
Hong Kong Dollar HKD 34.19 34.54
Indian Rupee INR 3.28 3.39
Japanese Yen JPY 2.5 2.54
Kuwaiti Dinar KWD 877.76 886.76
Malaysian Ringgit MYR 62.83 63.43
New Zealand Dollar NZD 173.25 175.25
Norwegians Krone NOK 26.76 27.09
Omani Riyal OMR 696.08 704.08
Qatari Riyal ‎QAR 73.62 74.32
Singapore Dollar SGD 204 206
Swedish Korona SEK 25.61 25.91
Swiss Franc CHF 291.69 294.19
Thai Bhat THB 8.15 8.3

KARACHI – The price of a single tola of 24-karat gold in Pakistan is Rs 212,900 on Friday. The price of 10 grams of 24k gold was recorded at Rs182,530.

Likewise, 10 grams of 22k gold were being traded for Rs167,318 while a single tola of 22-karat gold was being sold at Rs 195,157.

Note: The gold rate in Pakistan is fluctuating according to the international market so the price is never been fixed. The below rates are provided by local gold markets and Sarafa Markets of different cities.

City Gold Silver
Lahore PKR 212,900 PKR 2,420
Karachi PKR 212,900 PKR 2,420
Islamabad PKR 212,900 PKR 2,420
Peshawar PKR 212,900 PKR 2,420
Quetta PKR 212,900 PKR 2,420
Sialkot PKR 212,900 PKR 2,420
Attock PKR 212,900 PKR 2,420
Gujranwala PKR 212,900 PKR 2,420
Jehlum PKR 212,900 PKR 2,420
Multan PKR 212,900 PKR 2,420
Bahawalpur PKR 212,900 PKR 2,420
Gujrat PKR 212,900 PKR 2,420
Nawabshah PKR 212,900 PKR 2,420
Chakwal PKR 212,900 PKR 2,420
Hyderabad PKR 212,900 PKR 2,420
Nowshehra PKR 212,900 PKR 2,420
Sargodha PKR 212,900 PKR 2,420
Faisalabad PKR 212,900 PKR 2,420
Mirpur PKR 212,900 PKR 2,420

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