Top Egyptian cleric issues fatwa against Bitcoin; declares it haram

08:39 PM | 4 Jan, 2018
Top Egyptian cleric issues fatwa against Bitcoin; declares it haram

Bitcoin, the world’s first decentralized digital currency has been declared haram or forbidden for Muslims by the Grand Mufti of Egypt, Shawki Allam.

The Egyptian cleric called for a ban on the crypto-currency since according to Ahram Online it is not considered an “acceptable interface of exchange” as per Islamic law. Allam compared the digital exchange to gambling which is considered haram “due to its direct responsibility in financial ruin for individuals.”

The fatwa is the response of the Egyptian Financial Regulatory Authority's announcement that urged people to engage in the exchange of Bitcoins and has since been deemed as a “form of deception that falls under legal liability by the cleric.”

According to Ahram Online, the fatwa declared that, “Bitcoin is forbidden in Sharia as it causes harm to individuals, groups, and institutions.”

Allam’s reasoning behind the fatwa states that since there is a serious lack of public disclosure regarding dealer’s crypto-currency operations, there could be some legal repercussions for those investing and handling the digital exchange. Allam is also of the view that Bitcoin also undermines Egypt’s power over the regulation of their international and domestic commerce and said the decision to ban was under the counsel of his advisor and “several economy experts”.

The clerics have gone on to even link the currency as direct funding for terrorists and that, “It has no set rules, which is considered as a contract annulment in Islam, that is why it is forbidden.”

Despite certain pressures from the Islamic clerics and the Financial Regulatory Authority, the Egyptian government has not shown any signs of banning Bitcoin as many others like Bolivia and Thailand. Similar claims have arisen from many Saudi clerics who call it a “open gate for money laundering, drug money and haram money."

Whether Bitcoin is haram or not still remains to be seen, but the more important thing to think about is what Bitcoin means for the world’s economy since it is free from the control of big governments and big banks.

Will it really prove to be “the people’s currency” as it is claimed to be or is it really just a fraud?

Only time and investment will tell.


Pakistani rupee exchange rate to US Dollar, Euro, Pound, Dirham, and Riyal - 27 Feb 2024

Pakistani currency remains largely stable against US dollar in the open market on February 27, 2024 (Tuesday).

US Dollar rate in Pakistan

In the open market, the US dollar was being quoted at 279.4 for buying and 282.3 for selling.

Euro currently stands at 303 for buying and 306 for selling while British Pound rate stands at 351.5 for buying, and 355 for selling.

UAE Dirham AED hovers at 76 whereas the Saudi Riyal saw slight increase, with new rates at 76.7.

Today’s currency exchange rates in Pakistan - 27 Feb 2024

Source: Forex Association of Pakistan. (last update 09:00 AM)
Currency Symbol Buying Selling
US Dollar USD 279.4 282.3
Euro EUR 303 306
UK Pound Sterling GBP 351.5 355
U.A.E Dirham AED 76 76.7
Saudi Riyal SAR 74.2 75
Australian Dollar AUD 181 183
Bahrain Dinar BHD 742.91 750.91
Canadian Dollar CAD 207 209
China Yuan CNY 38.82 39.22
Danish Krone DKK 40.56 40.96
Hong Kong Dollar HKD 35.7 36.05
Indian Rupee INR 3.37 3.48
Japanese Yen JPY 2.10 2.18
Kuwaiti Dinar KWD 905.46 914.46
Malaysian Ringgit MYR 58.49 59.09
New Zealand Dollar NZD 173.05 175.05
Norwegians Krone NOK 26.36
Omani Riyal OMR 725.54 733.54
Qatari Riyal QAR 76.74 77.44
Singapore Dollar SGD 207 209
Swedish Korona SEK 27.04 27.34
Swiss Franc CHF 317 319.5
Thai Bhat THB 7.76 7.91


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