When Shukriya Khanum joined Pakistan International Airlines (PIA), she accepted the job of flight instructor at PIA’s training centre - because female pilots were not allowed to fly commercial aircrafts.
She also took flying enthusiasts on joy rides at Karachi Flying Club.
In one of Shukriya Khanum’s famous photos, she is seen standing next to her an aircraft with Qaiser Ansari, who was working as a flight instructor at a flying club in Rawalpindi.
Ayesha Rabia and Maliha Sami, two other women with her, faced difficulties after taking the PIA pilot test in 1980 during the era of Gen Zia ul Haq. But right after Zia passed away in 1989, PIA summoned them and invited them to attend formal pilot training.
“For nine years I waited, because rules did not allow women to fly,” Ms Ayesha told BBC in an interview. Ms Maliha flew her first flight as 'first officer' in 1990, the day before Ms Ayesha flew her first. She accepted the job of flight instructor at PIA’s training centre.
In 2005, Ms Ayesha became the first female Pakistani captain of a commercial scheduled flight. In 2006, flew the first Pakistani flight with an all-female crew and made the women of Pakistan proud!
Ms Ayesha remembers the day in 1989 when she met Shukriya Khanum in Karachi.
“Focus on professionalism and never let anybody think that because you are a woman you cannot do that”.
Shukriya Khanum was truly a woman of action who did what was impossible for a woman of that period in time. She passed away last year due to cancer in Lahore at the age of 82.
KARACHI - Following are the foreign currency exchange rates for US Dollar, Saudi Riyal, UK Pound Sterling, U.A.E. Dirham, European Euro, and other foreign currencies in Pakistan open market on January 27, 2023 (Friday).
Source: Forex Association of Pakistan. (last update 07:00 AM)
|UK Pound Sterling||GBP||311||314|
|Hong Kong Dollar||HKD||29.52||29.87|
|New Zealand Dollar||NZD||148.33||149.53|
KARACHI – The price of a single tola of 24-karat gold in Pakistan is Rs203,900 on Friday. The price of 10 grams of 24k gold was recorded at Rs174,810.
Likewise, 10 grams of 22k gold were being traded for Rs160,241 while a single tola of 22-karat gold was being sold at Rs 186,907.
Note: The gold rate in Pakistan is fluctuating according to the international market so the price is never been fixed. The below rates are provided by local gold markets and Sarafa Markets of different cities.
|Lahore||PKR 203,900||PKR 2,100|
|Karachi||PKR 203,900||PKR 2,100|
|Islamabad||PKR 203,900||PKR 2,100|
|Peshawar||PKR 203,900||PKR 2,100|
|Quetta||PKR 203,900||PKR 2,100|
|Sialkot||PKR 203,900||PKR 2,100|
|Attock||PKR 203,900||PKR 2,100|
|Gujranwala||PKR 203,900||PKR 2,100|
|Jehlum||PKR 203,900||PKR 2,100|
|Multan||PKR 203,900||PKR 2,100|
|Bahawalpur||PKR 203,900||PKR 2,100|
|Gujrat||PKR 203,900||PKR 2,100|
|Nawabshah||PKR 203,900||PKR 2,100|
|Chakwal||PKR 203,900||PKR 2,100|
|Hyderabad||PKR 203,900||PKR 2,100|
|Nowshehra||PKR 203,900||PKR 2,100|
|Sargodha||PKR 203,900||PKR 2,100|
|Faisalabad||PKR 203,900||PKR 2,100|
|Mirpur||PKR 203,900||PKR 2,100|