Mental health poses a significant concern in Pakistan, as it does in many other regions around the globe. The state of mental health in Pakistan is influenced by various factors, such as socio-economic conditions, cultural norms, and access to mental health services. To gain a better understanding of the critical aspects of mental health in Pakistan, we shall categorize them into the following headings:
Stigma: Mental health issues in Pakistan are often accompanied by a considerable stigma that leads individuals to feel discriminated against and socially isolated. This fear of being stigmatized can result in delayed and inadequate treatment as people with mental illnesses are reluctant to seek help. Consequently, treatment resistance and chronicity may develop, hindering access to timely and appropriate mental health care.
Lack of Awareness: There is a general lack of awareness and understanding of mental health issues in Pakistan. Many people may not recognize the signs and symptoms of mental disorders and have misconceptions about mental illness. People give more imp. to the evil eye, possession, magic & Jinnic influence as major causes of mental distress.
So they approach a traditional faith healer who usually offers an amulet, holy water, recitation of holy verses and rituals etc. for treatment. The majority of psychiatric patients in Pakistan are visiting quacks & faith healers to manage their psychiatric issues.
Limited Access to Mental Health Services: Pakistan faces a shortage of mental health professionals, including psychiatrists, psychologists, and social workers. Access to mental health services is limited. The ratio of the population to the psychiatrists is half then the neighboring countries. The situation is bleaker in rural areas as most mental health professionals serve in big cities. The existing mental health infrastructure is questionable to meet the needs of the population of Pakistan.
Cultural Factors: They play a significant role in mental health. Pakistan's collectivist culture often places a strong emphasis on family and community, which can lead to both support and pressure for families having patients with mental health problems. Many cultural/traditional beliefs and practices may also influence the perception and treatment of mental health problems. Additionally, patients have different vocabulary to express symptoms based on cultural impact but an existing state of medical knowledge failed to address this issue as it doesn’t fit into existing classification categories
Socio-economic Challenges: These include poverty, unemployment, and lack of education. They cause high levels of stress and have a significant role in the causation of mental health problems. The higher level of stress along with limited access to resources further exacerbate the mental health problem in Pakistan.
Trauma and Conflict: Pakistan has experienced significant political and social turmoil, including terrorism and natural disasters. Such events can lead to an increased prevalence of mental health problems among affected populations.
Many efforts have been made to improve mental health in Pakistan
Advocacy and Awareness: Mental health advocacy groups are working to reduce stigma and raise awareness about mental health issues. They aim to educate the public and promote understanding of mental health.
Government Initiatives: The government of Pakistan has recognized the importance of mental health and has initiated programs to address the issue. However, challenges related to funding and resource allocation persist.
Training and Education: Efforts are being made to train more mental health professionals and integrate mental health education into medical and healthcare curricula.
Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs): NGOs in Pakistan are providing mental health services, counselling, and support to vulnerable populations, including women, children, and victims of violence.
While progress is being made, there is still much work to be done to improve mental health care and reduce the stigma surrounding mental illness in Pakistan. Increasing awareness, improving access to services, and addressing socio-economic determinants of mental health are all important steps in this process.
Pakistani rupee advanced its winning momentum against US dollar, and other currencies in the open market amid strong economic cues.
On Saturday, the US dollar was being quoted at 285.15 for buying and 287.95 for selling.
Euro moves down to 309.9 for buying and 310.5 for selling. British Pound rate stands at 359.4 for buying, and 360.05 for selling.
UAE Dirham AED also moved down to 77.45 whereas the Saudi Riyal drops to 75.82.
|UK Pound Sterling||GBP||359.4||360.05|
|Hong Kong Dollar||HKD||36.38||36.48|
|New Zealand Dollar||NZD||173.44||175.44|
The price of gold fell by thousands of rupees as precious metal lost shine despite an upward trend in the international market.
On Saturday, the price of a single tola of 24-karat gold stands at Rs217,300 and 10 grams of 24k gold costs Rs186,300.
Meanwhile, single tola of 22 Karat gold costs Rs199,190, 21 karat rate costs Rs190,138 and 18k gold rate is Rs162,975.
Globally, gold prices hover at around $2072, gaining $32 on Saturday.
|Lahore||PKR 217,300||PKR 2,705|
|Karachi||PKR 217,300||PKR 2,705|
|Islamabad||PKR 217,300||PKR 2,705|
|Peshawar||PKR 217,300||PKR 2,705|
|Quetta||PKR 217,300||PKR 2,705|
|Sialkot||PKR 217,300||PKR 2,705|
|Attock||PKR 217,300||PKR 2,705|
|Gujranwala||PKR 217,300||PKR 2,705|
|Jehlum||PKR 217,300||PKR 2,705|
|Multan||PKR 217,300||PKR 2,705|
|Bahawalpur||PKR 217,300||PKR 2,705|
|Gujrat||PKR 217,300||PKR 2,705|
|Nawabshah||PKR 217,300||PKR 2,705|
|Chakwal||PKR 217,300||PKR 2,705|
|Hyderabad||PKR 217,300||PKR 2,705|
|Nowshehra||PKR 217,300||PKR 2,705|
|Sargodha||PKR 217,300||PKR 2,705|
|Faisalabad||PKR 217,300||PKR 2,705|
|Mirpur||PKR 217,300||PKR 2,705|