How a Pakistani farmer of five acres can earn up to Rs50 million?

07:54 PM | 13 Aug, 2020
How a Pakistani farmer of five acres can earn up to Rs50 million?

The Punjab government has come up with a landmark public-private partnership plan under which incentives and facilities are being offered to private landowners to fill their vacant spaces with trees and earn exchequers in million. 

 The five-year partnership earns Rs 5 million to 6 million per acre to a farmer on average.  

Besides monetary benefits, the plantation is the most effective way to turn the tide of climate change.  

 How does the government help landowners for afforestation?  

 The government bears 70 per cent of charges for land levelling, and irrigation system installation and provides subsidized plants, seeds and saplings, free consultancy for better growth of trees and marketing strategies to sell timbers for five years.  

Usually, a plant is provided at Rs 2 and two saplings for Re 1.  

The government binds the party to nurture and cultivate the forest area for five years. During the five years of the agreement, the farmer cannot cut or sell plants. During this time, the farmer will be bound to irrigate the forest and take care of it.  

In case a plant does not grow, dies or is eaten up bypassing by cattle, farmers can plant a replacement tree to fill the space.  

After five years, when plants are fully grown trees, the landowner can sell trees for a better return.  

 Who can benefit from the scheme?  

 Any landowner who has five acres to 15 acres can apply for the scheme.  

 How to apply for the scheme?  

 A landowner needs to write an application to the forest division seeking help for afforestation on their land on a paper. They need to attach the following documents with the application: 

A copy of CNIC  

Photocopy of landowner deed (fard malkiat) 

 The economy of the scheme 

 Under the scheme, it is advised that a farmer plants 1,200 trees per acre. The cost of the plants will be Rs 2,400. For five acres, the cost will be Rs 12,000. 

A diesel-powered tube well costs up to Rs 80,000, of which the government will provide 70 per cent of the price.  

A solar-fired tube well costs Rs250,000 to 350,000 and again the similar arrangements are in place.  

Average monthly expenses for a five-acre forest are Rs 25,000 – Rs 15,000 for a farm labourer and Rs 10,000 for diesel.  

For five years (60 months), expenses will be Rs 1.5 million altogether. This is despite the fact that in the last two years, irrigation needs to diminish as trees are self-reliant to get water through their roots.   

A five-year-old tree is sold at Rs 5,000 to 10,000, depending on the rates of timber at that time. If the price is taken at Rs 5,000, and the number of trees 10,000, the projected income will be Rs 50 million. Take out average expenses of Rs 1.5 million, a farmer can get away with Rs 48 million. Not a bad deal.  

Which plants can be grown for a better return?  

It depends on the region, climate and land quality.  

These plants can be grown almost all over Punjab:  

نیم or Azadirachta indica  

شیشم یا ٹاہلی or Dalbergia sissoo  

املتاس or Cassia fistula  

سکھ چین or Millettia pinnata  

کیکر or keekar  

پیپل  or pipal  

آم  or mango tree  

مالٹا or kinnow 

جامن or jaman- 

زیتون or Olive  

شہتوت or mulberry  

بیری or berry  

The best season to plant trees  

Tree plantation seasons fall in January to March and July and August.  

 Planation can be the best mean for income generation besides the best gift to the local environment.

Ahsan Raza is a Lahore-based journalist. He blogs at and tweets @AhsanRazaBudh. His story is part of the Pakistan Press Foundation fellowship.


Pakistani rupee exchange rate against US dollar, Euro, Pound and Riyal - 20 Feb 2024

Pakistani currency remained largely stable against US dollar and other currencies in the open market on February 20, 2024 (Tuesday).

US Dollar rate in Pakistan

In the open market, the US dollar was being quoted at 279.05 for buying and 282.1 for selling.

On Tuesday, Euro stands at 301 for buying and 304 for selling while British Pound rate stands at 352.4 for buying, and 355.4 for selling.

UAE Dirham AED hovers at 76.55 whereas the Saudi Riyal saw slight increase, with new rates at 74.2.

Today’s currency exchange rates in Pakistan - 20 Feb 2024

Source: Forex Association of Pakistan. (last update 09:00 AM)
Currency Symbol Buying Selling
US Dollar USD 279.05 282.1
Euro EUR 301 304
UK Pound Sterling GBP 352.4 355.4
U.A.E Dirham AED 76.55 77.25
Saudi Riyal SAR 74.2 75
Australian Dollar AUD 180 182
Bahrain Dinar BHD 743.12 751.12
Canadian Dollar CAD 206.5 208.5
China Yuan CNY 38.84 39.24
Danish Krone DKK 40.24 40.64
Hong Kong Dollar HKD 35.74 36.09
Indian Rupee INR 3.48 3.59
Japanese Yen JPY 2.10 2.18
Kuwaiti Dinar KWD 906.33 915.33
Malaysian Ringgit MYR 58.6 59.2
New Zealand Dollar NZD 170.1 172.1
Norwegians Krone NOK 26.43 26.73
Omani Riyal OMR 725.75 733.75
Qatari Riyal QAR 76.76 77.46
Singapore Dollar SGD 207 207
Swedish Korona SEK 26.85 27.15
Swiss Franc CHF 315.64 318.14
Thai Bhat THB 7.93 8.08


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