‘Cold Start’: India deploys hundreds of Russian-made battle tanks along Pakistan border

07:12 PM | 21 Jan, 2017
‘Cold Start’: India deploys hundreds of Russian-made battle tanks along Pakistan border
NEW DELHI - India is preparing to deploy more than 460 main battle tanks along its border with Pakistan, substantially increasing its already sizable tank force in the area.

Senior defense officials confirmed to IHS Jane 360, the Indian army’s plans to deploy the newly ordered T-90MS MBTs along India's western and northern borders with Pakistan.

The T-90 is the main battle tank of the Indian Army, replacing the older variants of T-72 and T-55 tanks in the force.


The MBTs have been specifically designed for export by Russia, at a cost of $2 billion, and will join the existing 900 or so T-90S Bhishma tanks currently deployed in the Indian states of Rajasthan and Punjab.

The move comes months after Pakistan threatened India with a nuclear attack prompting speculation that the move is part of India’s unofficial ‘Cold Start’ strategy.


Last September, Pakistan threatened nuclear warfare on India as the 70 year old tensions flared up following Indian armed forces strikes against alleged terrorists operating from Pakistani territory.

“We will destroy India if it dares to impose war on us,” Pakistan Defence Minister Khawaj Asif said.

“Pakistan army is fully prepared to answer any misadventure of India. We have not made atomic device to display in a showcase. If a such a situation arises we will use it (nuclear weapons) and eliminate India.”

‘Cold Start’ doctrine

The new tanks will come with new thermal imaging sights and will be divided up into ten new regiments. They will also include a “Make in India” element for integration at the Heavy Vehicles Factory in Avadi near Chennai, according to India Today.

However, the purchase has yet to be cleared by the Defense Acquisition Council, headed by Indian Defense Minister Manohar Parrikar, according to Indian Defence News.

Analysts say the significant increase in tank capability at the border could indicate India is preparing to activate its ‘Cold Start’ doctrine if required.

Smoke billows as Pakistani army tanks and gunship helicopters hit their targets during a military exercise in Bahawalpur, in Pakistan's Punjab province, April 18, 2010. Pakistan's army is holding its biggest military exercises
Smoke billows as Pakistani army tanks and gunship helicopters hit their targets during a military exercise in Bahawalpur. Pakistan's army held its biggest military exercises "Azm-e-Nau-3", or New Resolve 3, involving troops from all services and the Pakistani Air Force, from April 10 to May 20, 2010.–File photo

The military doctrine was developed in the event of conflict with Pakistan and is a strategy that calls on India's conventional forces to perform holding attacks before international intervention or before nuclear retaliation from Pakistan.

India has consistently denied having such a stance, but in 2011 Army chief General V K Singh admitted there was a ‘proactive strategy’ in place.

Earlier this month, India's newly appointed Army chief, General Bipin Rawat, admitted in an interview with India Today, that the “Cold Start doctrine exists for conventional military operations.”

Courtesy: Russia Today

The writer is a member of the staff.


PKR exchange rate to US dollar, Euro, Pound, Dirham, and Riyal - 21 Feb 2024

Pakistani currency remains stable against US dollar and other currencies in the open market on February 21, 2024 (Wednesday).

US Dollar rate in Pakistan

In the open market, the US dollar was being quoted at 279.6 for buying and 282.4 for selling.

Euro comes down to 300 for buying and 303 for selling while British Pound rate stands at 350.5 for buying, and 354 for selling.

UAE Dirham AED hovers at 76.15 whereas the Saudi Riyal saw slight increase, with new rates at 74.35.

Today’s currency exchange rates in Pakistan - 21 Feb 2024

Source: Forex Association of Pakistan. (last update 09:00 AM)
Currency Symbol Buying Selling
US Dollar USD 279.6 282.4
Euro EUR 300 303
UK Pound Sterling GBP 350.5 354
U.A.E Dirham AED 76.15 76.9
Saudi Riyal SAR 74.35 75.1
Australian Dollar AUD 181 183
Bahrain Dinar BHD 743.32 751.32
Canadian Dollar CAD 207 209
China Yuan CNY 38.89 39.29
Danish Krone DKK 40.38 40.78
Hong Kong Dollar HKD 35.74 36.09
Indian Rupee INR 3.37 3.48
Japanese Yen JPY 2.10 2.18
Kuwaiti Dinar KWD 902.41 911.41
Malaysian Ringgit MYR 58.6 59.2
New Zealand Dollar NZD 171.68 173.68
Norwegians Krone NOK 26.43 26.73
Omani Riyal OMR 725.96 733.96
Qatari Riyal QAR 76.76 77.46
Singapore Dollar SGD 207 209
Swedish Korona SEK 26.53 26.83
Swiss Franc CHF 316.9 319.4
Thai Bhat THB 7.93 8.08


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