Water Stewardship in Pakistan

Azka Zia 06:49 PM | 22 Aug, 2019
Water Stewardship in Pakistan
According to the latest statistics, approximately 2.1 billion people all over the world lack access to stable drinking water services. 4.5 billion people lack stable sanitation services. And in one of the most stinging statistics yet, about 4 billion people, representing nearly two-thirds of the world population, experience severe water scarcity during at least one month of the year.

With the increasingly devastating impact of climate change, these numbers will make life difficult for more communities as the availability and quality of water for domestic use depreciates. More floods, storms, wildfires, and droughts will drive people from their homes and displace them for decades to come where they will lack access to adequate and clean fresh water.

In light of this future, we will have to find answers to some crucial questions: How will lack of access to safe water affect the country we belong to? What is the socio-economic impact of lack of safe domestic water to millions? Can we mitigate this impact or find sustainable, alternative solutions whereby water stewardship exercises can be instituted to help localities in need?

Water stewardship is an increasingly popular term lately, propagated by the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goal 6 which addresses the need for efficient use and management of water. According to the UN, most countries that have high water stress are located in North Africa or Central, West, or South Asia. Pakistan is very much in this delicate position. Serious water difficulties limit our supply of fresh water.

With the world’s sixth-biggest population and rapid urbanization, 22 million people in the country consume unclean water every day, WaterAid says. Water stewardship, therefore, is now essential, particularly projects that use peer-reviewed scientific and technical methods to provide safe and sustainable access to water for human consumption and sanitation.

Water stewardship projects by The Coca-Cola Company (TCCC) began more than ten years ago, with the company launching a programme in 2007 to replenish by a hundred percent or balance the equivalent amount of water it uses in its operations by 2020. In 2015 alone, it returned an estimated 191.9 billion liters of water to nature and communities through community water projects. This is an example of a commercial business that has learned to effectively and sustainably support the economies from which it derives its profit. Some 248 community water partnership projects in 71 countries have provided local communities with access to safe water and watershed protection. These projects improved the standard of living of those living in the communities through a domino effect, as they received improved access to education and local biodiversity also flourished with clean available water.

Pakistan has the 4th highest rate of water use in the world according to AsiaNet Pakistan. The WHO says it also happens to be among top 10 countries of the world with the greatest number of people living without access to safe water. Water stewardship exercises are helping however, bit by bit. Coca-Cola brought its projects to the country in 2008, partnering with NGOs like WWF Pakistan, Indus Earth Trust, Mountain & Glacier Protection Organization (MGPO) and Rotary Pakistan. These projects have replenished over 2.7 billion liters of water back into nature.

In Siksa Village in Gilgit-Baltistan, an integrated water resource management system was established in partnership with UNDP and MGPO; it provided for safe drinking water, sanitation services, and food security to 4,000 local people.  The local communities received water access through a pipeline irrigation system that had an average stretch of 19,000 kms. In Kohistan District in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, a US$ 180,000 grant by The Coca-Cola Foundation provided 600 households in more than 35 villages with rainwater harvesting through reservoirs, rehabilitation of dug wells, and provision of check dams and hand pumps.

Water stewardship that is environmentally sustainable has positive socio-economic impact that will last for decades to come. When critical water challenges are addressed, the social and economic power they carry will have a powerful domino effect: food insecurity lowers, nutrition improves, sustainable agriculture becomes easier to implement, releasing with each a stream of powerful gains for our communities.

Azka Zia
Azka Zia

Azka is a writer, working on a gothic, fictional novel as well as her blog. She tweets at @cestmoiazzy.


KARACHI - Following are the foreign currency exchange rates for US Dollar, Saudi Riyal, UK Pound Sterling, U.A.E. Dirham, European Euro, and other foreign currencies in Pakistan open market on February 9, 2023 (Thursday).

Source: Forex Association of Pakistan. (last update 09:00 AM)

Currency Symbol Buying Selling
US Dollar ‎USD 271.9 274.85
Euro EUR 294.7 297.7
UK Pound Sterling GBP 331 334.2
U.A.E Dirham AED 75.3 76
Saudi Riyal SAR 73.2 73.9
Australian Dollar AUD 191.3 193.7
Bahrain Dinar BHD 732.35 740.35
Canadian Dollar CAD 205 207.2
China Yuan CNY 40.72 41.12
Danish Krone DKK 39.92 40.32
Hong Kong Dollar HKD 35.08 35.43
Indian Rupee INR 3.35 3.46
Japanese Yen JPY 2 2.16
Kuwaiti Dinar KWD 900.32 909.32
Malaysian Ringgit MYR 64.65 65.25
New Zealand Dollar NZD 173.63 175.63
Norwegians Krone NOK 27.12 27.42
Omani Riyal OMR 715.53 723.57
Qatari Riyal ‎QAR 75.64 76.34
Singapore Dollar SGD 208.03 210.03
Swedish Korona SEK 26.1 26.4
Swiss Franc CHF 298.06 300.56
Thai Bhat THB 8.25 8.4

KARACHI – The price of a single tola of 24-karat gold in Pakistan is Rs193,700 on Thursday. The price of 10 grams of 24k gold was recorded at Rs166,070.

Likewise, 10 grams of 22k gold were being traded for Rs167,318 while a single tola of 22-karat gold was being sold at Rs 195,157.

Note: The gold rate in Pakistan is fluctuating according to the international market so the price is never been fixed. The below rates are provided by local gold markets and Sarafa Markets of different cities.

City Gold Silver
Lahore PKR 193,700 PKR 2,350
Karachi PKR 193,700 PKR 2,350
Islamabad PKR 193,700 PKR 2,350
Peshawar PKR 193,700 PKR 2,350
Quetta PKR 193,700 PKR 2,350
Sialkot PKR 193,700 PKR 2,350
Attock PKR 193,700 PKR 2,350
Gujranwala PKR 193,700 PKR 2,350
Jehlum PKR 193,700 PKR 2,350
Multan PKR 193,700 PKR 2,350
Bahawalpur PKR 193,700 PKR 2,350
Gujrat PKR 193,700 PKR 2,350
Nawabshah PKR 193,700 PKR 2,350
Chakwal PKR 193,700 PKR 2,350
Hyderabad PKR 193,700 PKR 2,350
Nowshehra PKR 193,700 PKR 2,350
Sargodha PKR 193,700 PKR 2,350
Faisalabad PKR 193,700 PKR 2,350
Mirpur PKR 193,700 PKR 2,350


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