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Jammu & Kashmir not part of India, Srinagar High Court rules

04:11 PM | 16 Oct, 2015
Jammu & Kashmir not part of India, Srinagar High Court rules
SRINAGAR (Web Desk) - Rebutting the Indian claim of Occupied Kashmir being part of India, the Jammu and Kashmir High Court has ruled that the State has never been part of India.

"Article 370 of Indian constitution that deals with the status of Jammu and Kashmir is beyond abrogation, repeal or even amendment," the high court said in its ruling last week.

“Article 35A gives ‘protection’ to existing laws in force in the State. Article 370 though titled as ‘Temporary Provision’ and included in Para XXI titled ‘Temporary, Transitional and Special Provisions’ has assumed place of permanence in the Constitution,” a division bench of justice Hasnain Masoodi and Janak Raj Kotwal ruled in a 60-page judgement.

“It is beyond amendment, repeal or abrogation, in as much as Constituent Assembly of the State before its dissolution did not recommend its Amendment or repeal,” the bench ruled.



The decision has been highly welcomed by the local parties and political figures representing the major population, Muslims.

Peoples Democratic Front (PDF) President and Awami Muthida Mahaz (AMM) leader Hakim Mohammad Yasin welcomed the landmark judgment. They said, "Now the challenge for Jammu and Kashmir government is to further strengthen Article 370.

According to the ruling, the Article 370 is a permanent provision of the Constitution and it cannot be abrogated, repealed or even amended.

“It is a welcome decision. There was a demand within and outside the Assembly that Article 370 should be safeguarded and the High Court’s historic decision is a welcome step. But now it a challenge for the J&K government and especially for Mufti sahib how to further strengthen it (Article 370) and restore those previsions of this Article which have been eroded over the years,” Hakim Yasin said in his press statement on Friday.

“Limited sovereignty or special status stands guaranteed under Article 370 of the Constitution," he added.

The PDF chief also urged the State government to take tough action against those elements who try to vitiate the peaceful atmosphere in the State.

“Whosoever tries to divide the State in the name of region or religion should be dealt with strong force and government should identify such elements and book them,” he demanded.

“Those who are trying to disrupt the movement of traffic on national highway should be identified and booked. It is the duty of the government to ensure that highway remains open as fruit season is at its peak,” he added.

Since independence from British, India and Pakistan both claim the occupation of the State of Jammu and Kashmir. In 1947-8 India and Pakistan fought their first war over Jammu and Kashmir. Under United Nations' supervision, they agreed to a ceasefire along a line which left one-third of the state - comprising what Pakistan calls Azad Jammu and Kashmir, and the Northern Areas administered by Pakistan and two-thirds, Jammu, Ladakh and the Kashmir Valley, administered by India.

Ali Zain is a member of the staff at Daily Pakistan Global. He earned BS Communication Studies degree from University of the Punjab. His thesis titled "Cultural Continuity and Mass Media: An analysis of leading online newspapers of Pakistan" has been published as a book in Germany. He has also translated David Mathews' book "The Ecology of Democracy" into Urdu. He tweets at @alimaan.

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Currency Rates in Pakistan - Pakistani rupee to US Dollar, Euro, Pound, Dirham, Riyal - 22 June 2024

Pakistani currency rates against US Dollar and other currencies on June 22, 2024 (Saturday) in open market.

USD to PKR Rate Today

US dollar was being quoted at 277.6 for buying and 280.75 for selling.

Euro's buying rate stands at 297 and selling rate is 299.5 while British Pound rate is 350.5 for buying, and 354 for selling.

UAE Dirham AED was at 74.80 and Saudi Riyal at 72.75.

Currency Rates in Pakistan

Source: Forex Association of Pakistan. (last update 09:00 AM)
Currency Symbol Buying Selling
US Dollar USD 277.7 280.85
Euro EUR 294.3 297.9
UK Pound Sterling GBP 352 355.5
U.A.E Dirham AED 75 75.8
Saudi Riyal SAR 72.85 73.6
Australian Dollar AUD 182.2 184
Bahrain Dinar BHD 740.98 748.98
Canadian Dollar CAD 202 204
China Yuan CNY 38.4 38.8
Danish Krone DKK 40.15 40.55
Hong Kong Dollar HKD 35.68 36.03
Indian Rupee INR 3.34 3.45
Japanese Yen JPY 1.9 1.98
Kuwaiti Dinar KWD 908.7 917.7
Malaysian Ringgit MYR 59.07 59.67
New Zealand Dollar NZD 170.98 172.98
Norwegians Krone NOK 26.38 26.68
Omani Riyal OMR 723.75 731.75
Qatari Riyal QAR 76.53 77.23
Singapore Dollar SGD 202 204
Swedish Korona SEK 26.68 26.98
Swiss Franc CHF 315.21 317.71
Thai Bhat THB 7.59 7.74

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