Pakistan’s Joseph Coutts, 72, elevated to cardinal
Making the surprise announcement during his weekly Sunday address, the pope said the new cardinals came from Italy, Spain, Portugal, Poland, Iraq, Pakistan, Japan, Madagascar, Peru, Mexico and Bolivia.
Pakistan’s Joseph Coutts, a Roman Catholic archbishop, was born in Amritsar, British India on 21 July 1945.
Cardinals are nominated by the Pope, and form the Sacred College which elects succeeding popes.
They will be given their traditional red hats at a ceremony known as a consistory on June 29.
Announcing his choices, the Argentinian pontiff said that coming from 11 nations, the new cardinals "express the universality of the church, which continues to proclaim the merciful love of God to all people of the earth."
Eleven of the group are under 80, the age limit for entering the secret conclave that will be called to elect a new pope once Francis dies or retires.
These new appointments will bring the number of so-called elector cardinals to 125, five more than the limit of 120 established by Pope Paul VI for a conclave. Francis will have named almost half of the group since becoming pontiff in 2013.
Christians in both Iraq and Pakistan have faced death and discrimination in recent years, something Francis has repeatedly railed against, and by elevating prelates from those two nations he is sending a strong message of support to local churches.
The full list of new elector cardinals is:
2. Louis Raphaël I Sako, 69, Chaldean Catholic Patriarch of Babylo, Iraq
3. Italian Archbishop Angelo De Donatis, 64, papal vicar for the Diocese of Rome.
4. António dos Santos Marto, 71, bishop of Leiria-Fatima
5. Pedro Barreto, 74, archbishop of Huancayo, Peru
6. Desiré Tsarahazana, 63, archbishop of Toamasina, Madagascar
7. Giuseppe Petrocchi, 69, archbishop of L’Aquila
8. Thomas Aquinas Manyo, 69, archbishop of Osaka, Tokyo
9. Spanish Archbishop Luis F. Ladaria, 74, prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith
10. Archbishop Konrad Krajewski, 54, from Poland
11. Italian Archbishop Giovanni Angelo Becciu, 69, substitute secretary of state
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