Aditya 1: Exploring the Sun's Mysteries

04:24 PM | 28 Sep, 2023
Aditya 1: Exploring the Sun's Mysteries

Ahmed Bin Ali

Aditya 1 stands as a remarkable achievement in India's pursuit of solar exploration. This observatory solar system, conceived and developed by the Indian Research Organization (ISRO), is purpose-built to unravel the enigmatic layers of our solar system. Its primary mission encompasses the in-depth study of the solar atmosphere, including the intriguing corona and the solar surface in the vicinity of our radiant Sun.

Launched with precision on September 2nd, at 11:50 GST, this remarkable endeavor incurred an investment totaling $50 million USD. The launch took place at the Satish Dhawan Space Centre, strategically positioned on an island off the captivating Bay of Bengal's coast.

The mission's timeline unfolds across four months, during which Aditya 1 conducts a profound exploration of our Sun. The initial 16 days are dedicated to an orbit around Earth's surface, providing the unique opportunity to scrutinize Earth's magnetic field, the magnetosphere, and their interactions with the charged particles emanating from the Sun in the form of solar winds and coronal mass ejections (CMEs).

Subsequently, the mission embarks on an extended journey to the Lagrange Point 1 (L1), situated approximately 1.5 million kilometers from Earth. Positioned strategically near the halo orbit around the L1-point in the Sun-Earth system, Aditya 1 gains unobstructed views of the Sun, paving the way for an unprecedented era of solar exploration.

This ambitious mission has been in the making for over 15 years, with a commitment to observe and study the Sun's mysteries around Earth for more than 5 years. The journey began in January 2008, initially as a modest satellite project, before proudly bearing the name "Aditya 1" in 2019.

The satellite itself is engineered to land at the L1-point, housing seven sophisticated scientific instruments weighing approximately 244 kilograms (538 pounds). These instruments, perched atop the ship's deck, include the Magnetometer (MAG), Visible Emission Line Coronagraph (VELC), High Energy L1 Orbiting X-ray Spectrometer (HEL1OS), Solar Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope (SUIT), Solar Low Energy X-ray Spectrometer (SoLEXS), Aditya Solar wind Particle Experiment (ASPEX), and the Plasma Analyser Package for Aditya (PAPA).

In summary, Aditya 1 represents a monumental stride in India's scientific exploration of the Sun and the solar system, poised to unravel the secrets concealed within the solar atmosphere. With state-of-the-art instrumentation and a strategic vantage point, this mission holds the promise of illuminating new facets of our radiant celestial neighboru, the Sun.

Ahmed Bin Ali is a student of A levels at Aitchison College, Lahore


Pakistani rupee inches up against US dollar, Euro, Pound and other currencies - Check forex rates here

Pakistani rupee advanced its winning momentum against US dollar, and other currencies in the open market amid strong economic cues.

Dollar Rate in Pakistan Today

On Saturday, the US dollar was being quoted at 285.15 for buying and 287.95 for selling.

Euro moves down to 309.9 for buying and 310.5 for selling. British Pound rate stands at 359.4 for buying, and 360.05 for selling.

UAE Dirham AED also moved down to 77.45 whereas the Saudi Riyal drops to 75.82.

Today's currency exchange rates in Pakistan – 2 December 2023

Currency Symbol Buying Selling
US Dollar ‎USD 285.15  287.95 
Euro EUR 309.9  310.5 
UK Pound Sterling GBP 359.4  360.05 
U.A.E Dirham AED 77.45  77.6
Saudi Riyal SAR 75.82 75.97
Australian Dollar AUD 187.72 188.22
Bahrain Dinar BHD 759.94 767.94
Canadian Dollar CAD 209.99 210.49
China Yuan CNY 39.78 39.88
Danish Krone DKK 41.95 42.05
Hong Kong Dollar HKD 36.38 36.48
Indian Rupee INR 3.39 3.5
Japanese Yen JPY 1.49 1.56
Kuwaiti Dinar KWD 926.39 935.39
Malaysian Ringgit MYR 60.38 60.98
New Zealand Dollar NZD 173.44 175.44
Norwegians Krone NOK 26.25 26.55
Omani Riyal OMR 742.16 750.18
Qatari Riyal ‎QAR 78.5 79.2
Singapore Dollar SGD 212.45 212.95
Swedish Korona SEK 27.09 27.19
Swiss Franc CHF 325.38 325.88
Thai Bhat THB 8.05 8.09

Gold registers big fall in Pakistan; check today gold rates in Pakatan - 2 December 2023

The price of gold fell by thousands of rupees as precious metal lost shine despite an upward trend in the international market.

Gold Rates in Pakistan Today - 2 December 2023

On Saturday, the price of a single tola of 24-karat gold stands at Rs217,300 and 10 grams of 24k gold costs Rs186,300.

Meanwhile, single tola of 22 Karat gold costs Rs199,190, 21 karat rate costs Rs190,138 and 18k gold rate is Rs162,975.

Globally, gold prices hover at around $2072, gaining $32 on Saturday.

Today Gold Rate in Pakistan

City Gold Silver
Lahore PKR 217,300 PKR 2,705
Karachi PKR 217,300 PKR 2,705
Islamabad PKR 217,300 PKR 2,705
Peshawar PKR 217,300 PKR 2,705
Quetta PKR 217,300 PKR 2,705
Sialkot PKR 217,300 PKR 2,705
Attock PKR 217,300 PKR 2,705
Gujranwala PKR 217,300 PKR 2,705
Jehlum PKR 217,300 PKR 2,705
Multan PKR 217,300 PKR 2,705
Bahawalpur PKR 217,300 PKR 2,705
Gujrat PKR 217,300 PKR 2,705
Nawabshah PKR 217,300 PKR 2,705
Chakwal PKR 217,300 PKR 2,705
Hyderabad PKR 217,300 PKR 2,705
Nowshehra PKR 217,300 PKR 2,705
Sargodha PKR 217,300 PKR 2,705
Faisalabad PKR 217,300 PKR 2,705
Mirpur PKR 217,300 PKR 2,705


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