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What are white phosphorus bombs that are being used by Israeli forces against Gaza?

12:44 PM | 12 Oct, 2023
Israel Gaza war
Source: File Photo

Israeli bombing continued to rock Gaza as the fight between Tel Aviv and Hamas enters the sixth day after Palestinian fighters launched an offensive against Israel over the weekend.

Amid the relentless bombing, Palestine sounds alarm, alleging Israel of using white phosphorus bombs in striking populated areas in the western region of occupied territory.

The claims from oppressed Palestinians raised questions as Israel previously faced controversy and international criticism for its use of white phosphorus munitions in, including the 2008-2009 Gaza War (Operation Cast Lead) and the 2014 Israel-Gaza conflict (Operation Protective Edge).

Phosphorus bombs are incendiary weapons that contain white phosphorus. These are a highly reactive and flammable chemical elements that ignite spontaneously in air and burn intensely. The banned bombs have been used in various military conflicts for several purposes, including creating smoke screens, illuminating targets, and causing fires.

These bombs gained are known for the potential harm they can cause to both military personnel and civilians. When these bombs are dropped or deployed, they can start fires that are difficult to extinguish, as white phosphorus burns even in the presence of water. The smoke produced by burning white phosphorus can obscure vision and hinder military operations.

The use of white phosphorus in populated areas has raised ethical and humanitarian concerns, as it can cause severe burns and injuries to civilians. Some international agreements, such as the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW), have restrictions on the use of incendiary weapons like phosphorus bombs in certain circumstances, particularly when used in proximity to civilians.

For our readers’ information, white phosphorus ignites quickly when it comes into contact with oxygen.

These bombs were earlier used in past armed conflicts, including both World Wars, and in Afghanistan, Syria, and Gaza, per Human Rights Watch reports.

During recent war, Israeli military again used white phosphorus munitions, including artillery shells loaded with banned substance, in residential areas. These reports raised concerns about the potential impact on civilians, as white phosphorus can cause severe burns and injuries, and its use in populated areas can result in unintended harm to non-combatants.

Daily Pakistan Global Web Desk

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Pakistani rupee exchange rate against US dollar, Euro, Pound and Riyal – March 1, 2024

Pakistani rupee remains stable against US dollar in the open market on March 1, 2024 (Friday).

US Dollar rate in Pakistan

In the open market, the US dollar was being quoted at 279.32 for buying and 282.35 for selling.

Euro currently stands at 302 for buying and 305 for selling while British Pound rate stands at 353 for buying, and 356 for selling.

UAE Dirham AED hovers at 76.15 whereas the Saudi Riyal saw slight increase, with new rates at 74.4.

Today’s currency exchange rates in Pakistan – March 1, 2024

Source: Forex Association of Pakistan. (last update 09:00 AM)
Currency Symbol Buying Selling
US Dollar ‎USD 279.32 282.35
Euro EUR 302 305
UK Pound Sterling GBP 353 356
U.A.E Dirham AED 76.15 76.85
Saudi Riyal SAR 74.4 75.2
Australian Dollar AUD 181 183
Bahrain Dinar BHD 743.11 751.11
Canadian Dollar CAD 207 209.2
China Yuan CNY 38.82 39.22
Danish Krone DKK 40.69 41.09
Hong Kong Dollar HKD 35.7 36.05
Indian Rupee INR 3.37 3.48
Japanese Yen JPY 2.1 2.18
Kuwaiti Dinar KWD 907.32 916.32
Malaysian Ringgit MYR 58.49 59.09
New Zealand Dollar NZD 172.43 174.43
Norwegians Krone NOK 26.36 26.66
Omani Riyal OMR 725.68 733.68
Qatari Riyal ‎QAR 76.74 77.46
Singapore Dollar SGD 207 209
Swedish Korona SEK 27.13 27.43
Swiss Franc CHF 317.76 320.26
Thai Bhat THB 7.76 7.91

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